[Correction of isoproterenol-induced myocardial injury with magnesium salts in magnesium-deficient rats].

The effect of Mg L-asparaginate (Mg-L-Asp), Mg chloride (MgCl2) and Mg sulfate (MgSO4) on the severity of isoproterenol-induced myocardial injury in Mg-deficient rats has been evaluated. To induce Mg deficiency, twenty-eight rats were placed on a low Mg diet (Mg content < 15 mg/kg) and demineralized water for 10 weeks. Twelve control rats were fed a basal control diet (Mg content = 500 mg/kg) and water (with Mg content 20 mg/l) for equal duration. On day 49 of low Mg diet, Mg-deficient rats were randomly divided into four groups: 1) group that continued to receive low Mg diet; 2) low Mg diet plus oral MgSO4; 3) low Mg diet plus oral Mg-L-Asp and 4) low Mg diet plus oral MgCl2 (50 mg of Mg per kg of body weight). Isoproterenol was injected subcutaneously (30 mg/kg BW, twice, at an interval of 24 hours) on the day 70 of the study, when plasma and erythrocyte Mg level in rats fed a low Mg diet were significantly decreased by 47% and 45% compared to intact animals. Twenty-four hours after second injection of isoproterenol, tests for activities of creatine kinase (CK), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) were run and histopathological study was carried out. Administration of isoproterenol to rats resulted in significantly elevated plasma CK, LDH and AST, however analyses in Mg deficient group demonstrated more dramatically increased activity of CK and AST compared to control rats (3,06 and 4,67 fold in Mg-deficient group vs. 1,91 and 3,92 fold in intact group). Increased leakage of cardiac injury markers was concomitant to increased volume of fuchsinophilic cardiomyocytes (54.2 +/- 1.7% in Mg-deficient group and 38.9 +/- 1.9% in intact group, p < 0.05). However, pretreatment with of MgCl2, MgSO4 and Mg-L-Asp during 21 days favorably decreased sensitivity of myocardium to isoproterenol-induced ischemic injury. All evaluated salts significantly decreased myocyte marker enzymes as well as protected myocardium against isoproterenol-induced histopathological perturbations.
AuthorsM V Kharitonova, A A Zheltova, A A Spasov, A V Smirnov, N G Pan'shin, I N Iezhitsa
JournalVoprosy pitaniia (Vopr Pitan) Vol. 82 Issue 5 Pg. 29-35 ( 2013) ISSN: 0042-8833 [Print] Russia (Federation)
PMID24640156 (Publication Type: English Abstract, Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Magnesium Chloride
  • Aspartic Acid
  • Magnesium Sulfate
  • Magnesium
  • Isoproterenol
  • Animals
  • Aspartic Acid (administration & dosage, therapeutic use)
  • Diet
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Isoproterenol (administration & dosage, toxicity)
  • Magnesium (administration & dosage, blood, therapeutic use)
  • Magnesium Chloride (administration & dosage, therapeutic use)
  • Magnesium Deficiency (blood, complications, enzymology, prevention & control)
  • Magnesium Sulfate (administration & dosage, therapeutic use)
  • Male
  • Myocardial Ischemia (blood, etiology, prevention & control)
  • Myocardium (enzymology, pathology)
  • Rats
  • Treatment Outcome

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