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MRI without magnet removal in neurofibromatosis type 2 patients with cochlear and auditory brainstem implants.

AbstractOBJECTIVE:
To assess the impact on image quality of MRI without magnet removal in cochlear implant (CI) and auditory brainstem implant (ABI) users with neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2).
STUDY DESIGN:
Prospective cohort.
SETTING:
Tertiary center for cochlear and auditory brainstem implantation.
PATIENTS:
Thirteen patients (10 ABI, 3CI) with NF2 underwent a total of 76 MRI scans.
INTERVENTIONS:
MRI without magnet removal.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE:
Ability to visualize the ipsilateral and contralateral cerebellopontine angles (CPAs) and internal auditory meati (IAM) with head MRI.
RESULTS:
Of the 76 scans, 40 were of the head, 28 of the spine and 8 of other regions. Scanning was performed with a tight head bandage and plastic card. There were no cases of altered implant function or demagnetization of the device magnet.A grading system was used to assess the view of the ipsilateral IAM-CPA. In 85% of head scans, the view was unimpaired (Grade 0). In 13%, there was distortion (Grade 1). In 2% (1 case), the view was entirely obscured by artifact (Grade 2). Views of the contralateral CPA and IAM were unimpaired in all cases. The best 3 sequences for the depiction of the ipsilateral IAM-CPA (percent graded as 0) were as follows: axial 3D inversion recovery prepared fast spoiled gradient echo (100%), 2 mm coronal T1W of the IAM-CPA (88.9%), and 2 mm axial T1W of the IAM-CPA (76.9%).
CONCLUSION:
MRI scanning without magnet removal is safe and well tolerated in NF2 patients with auditory implants. With appropriate MRI sequences, the image quality is not significantly impaired.
AuthorsJoanna Walton, Neil P Donnelly, Yu Chuen Tam, Ilse Joubert, Juliette Durie-Gair, Cay Jackson, Richard A Mannion, James R Tysome, Patrick R Axon, Daniel J Scoffings
JournalOtology & neurotology : official publication of the American Otological Society, American Neurotology Society [and] European Academy of Otology and Neurotology (Otol Neurotol) Vol. 35 Issue 5 Pg. 821-5 (Jun 2014) ISSN: 1537-4505 [Electronic] United States
PMID24608375 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
Topics
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Auditory Brain Stem Implants
  • Brain (pathology)
  • Cerebellar Neoplasms (pathology)
  • Cerebellopontine Angle (pathology)
  • Cochlear Implants
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (methods)
  • Magnets
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neurofibromatosis 2 (pathology)
  • Neuroma, Acoustic (pathology)
  • Prospective Studies
  • Young Adult

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