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Milestones in avian coccidiosis research: a review.

Abstract
This article describes some of the milestones in research concerned with protozoan parasites of the genus Eimeria that infect birds and cause the disease coccidiosis. The time period covered is from 1891, when oocysts were first found in the ceca of diseased chickens, to the present. Progress in our understanding has lagged behind that of other protozoan parasites such as Toxoplasma and Plasmodium despite the enormous importance of Eimeria to animal livestock production. Nevertheless, applied research by universities, government agencies, and private industry has resulted in the successful development of methods of control, research that continues today. The topics covered and the references provided are selective and include life cycles and biology, pathology, ultrastructure, biochemistry, immunity, genetics, host cell invasion, species identification, taxonomy, chemotherapy, vaccination, and literature concerned with avian coccidiosis. This review is primarily concerned with the avian species of Eimeria that infect poultry, but some important advances, principally in immunology, have been made using species that infect rodents and rabbits. These are included where appropriate.
AuthorsH D Chapman
JournalPoultry science (Poult Sci) Vol. 93 Issue 3 Pg. 501-11 (Mar 2014) ISSN: 0032-5791 [Print] England
PMID24604841 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Review)
Topics
  • Animals
  • Chickens
  • Coccidiosis (parasitology, pathology, therapy, veterinary)
  • Eimeria (classification, physiology, ultrastructure)
  • Poultry Diseases (parasitology, pathology, therapy)

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