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Clinical investigation of the effect of calcium hydroxide intracanal dressing on bacterial lipopolysaccharide reduction from infected root canals.

Abstract
The purpose of this clinical study was to determine the effect of 7 day intracanal dressing with calcium hydroxide on the amount of bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS; endotoxin) in human teeth with necrotic and infected pulp and apical periodontitis. Twenty-five single-rooted teeth with necrotic pulps and apical periodontitis were selected. Samples were collected before (S1), after root canal preparation (S2) and after 7 day intracanal dressing with calcium hydroxide (S3). The limulus amoebocyte lysate assay was used to quantify LPS. LPS was present in 100% of the root canals before (S1), after preparation (S2) and after 7 day intracanal dressing (S3). A significant reduction, equal to 29.54%, was found after root canal preparation (P < 0.05). A significant difference (equal to 25.26% reduction) was also detected between S2 and S3 (P < 0.05). Total endotoxin reduction (S3 compared with S1) was found to be 47.34%. Endotoxin concentration of the infected root canals was reduced after root canal preparation and also after 7 days of dressing of canals with calcium hydroxide; however, relatively high values of endotoxin remained in the root canals.
AuthorsAlireza Adl, Mohammad Motamedifar, Mahdi Sedigh Shams, Ahmad Mirzaie
JournalAustralian endodontic journal : the journal of the Australian Society of Endodontology Inc (Aust Endod J) Vol. 41 Issue 1 Pg. 12-6 (Apr 2015) ISSN: 1747-4477 [Electronic] Australia
PMID24330326 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Copyright© 2013 Australian Society of Endodontology.

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