Preclinical trial of a new dual mTOR inhibitor, MLN0128, using renal cell carcinoma tumorgrafts.

mTOR is a rational target in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) because of its role in disease progression. However, the effects of temsirolimus, the only first-generation mTOR inhibitor approved by the FDA for first-line treatment of metastatic RCC, on tumor reduction and progression-free survival are minimal. Second-generation mTOR inhibitors have not been evaluated on RCC. We compared the effects of temsirolimus and MLN0128, a potent second-generation mTOR inhibitor, on RCC growth and metastasis using a realistic patient-derived tissue slice graft (TSG) model. TSGs were derived from three fresh primary RCC specimens by subrenal implantation of precision-cut tissue slices into immunodeficient mice that were randomized and treated with MLN0128, temsirolimus, or placebo. MLN0128 consistently suppressed primary RCC growth, monitored by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), in three TSG cohorts for up to 2 months. Temsirolimus, in contrast, only transiently inhibited the growth of TSGs in one of two cohorts before resistance developed. In addition, MLN0128 reduced liver metastases, determined by human-specific quantitative polymerase chain reaction, in two TSG cohorts, whereas temsirolimus failed to have any significant impact. Moreover, MLN0128 decreased levels of key components of the two mTOR subpathways including TORC1 targets 4EBP1, p-S6K1, HIF1α and MTA1 and the TORC2 target c-Myc, consistent with dual inhibition. Our results demonstrated that MLN0128 is superior to temsirolimus in inhibiting primary RCC growth as well as metastases, lending strong support for further clinical development of dual mTOR inhibitors for RCC treatment.
AuthorsAlexandre Ingels, Hongjuan Zhao, Alan E Thong, Matthias Saar, Maija P Valta, Rosalie Nolley, Jennifer Santos, Donna M Peehl
JournalInternational journal of cancer. Journal international du cancer (Int J Cancer) Vol. 134 Issue 10 Pg. 2322-9 (May 15 2014) ISSN: 1097-0215 [Electronic] United States
PMID24243565 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Copyright© 2013 UICC.
Chemical References
  • Benzoxazoles
  • Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit
  • INK128
  • Multiprotein Complexes
  • Protein Kinase Inhibitors
  • Pyrimidines
  • TOR complex 2
  • mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1
  • temsirolimus
  • MTOR protein, human
  • TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • Sirolimus
  • Adult
  • Animals
  • Benzoxazoles (pharmacology)
  • Carcinoma, Renal Cell (drug therapy, pathology)
  • Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit
  • Immunoblotting
  • Kidney Neoplasms (drug therapy, pathology)
  • Liver Neoplasms (prevention & control, secondary)
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Middle Aged
  • Multiprotein Complexes (metabolism)
  • Protein Kinase Inhibitors (pharmacology)
  • Pyrimidines (pharmacology)
  • Random Allocation
  • Signal Transduction (drug effects)
  • Sirolimus (analogs & derivatives, pharmacology)
  • TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases (antagonists & inhibitors, metabolism)
  • Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays (methods)

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