Initially Nondiagnosed Fabry's Disease when Electron Microscopy Is Lacking: The Continuing Story of Focal and Segmental Glomerulosclerosis.

Focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis is classified as either primary or secondary. We present a patient with a past history of biopsy-proven focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis. Despite initial response to dual blockade and steroids, proteinuria raised when steroids were decreased. After the patient was restarted on steroids, proteinuria did not improve. Another biopsy confirmed the previous diagnosis but suggested Fabry's disease, later confirmed by electron microscopy, α-galactosidase A serum and leukocyte deficiency as well as genetic studies. Proteinuria decreased when agalsidase β was prescribed in parallel with steroid tapering, increased with steroid discontinuation and improved with meprednisone administration. This report highlights the relevance of electron microscopy in kidney biopsy. In glomerulosclerosis, despite specific treatment, secondary hemodynamic and immunologic pathways may contribute to the development of proteinuria and accelerate the renal disease progression due to the primary disease. We discuss possible pathophysiologic pathways involved in proteinuria in Fabry's disease according to the biopsy and the therapeutic response.
AuthorsH Trimarchi, A Karl, M S Raña, M Forrester, V Pomeranz, F Lombi, A Iotti
JournalCase reports in nephrology and urology (Case Rep Nephrol Urol) Vol. 3 Issue 1 Pg. 51-7 ( 2013) ISSN: 1664-5510 [Electronic] Switzerland
PMID24167512 (Publication Type: Journal Article)

Join CureHunter, for free Research Interface BASIC access!

Take advantage of free CureHunter research engine access to explore the best drug and treatment options for any disease. Find out why thousands of doctors, pharma researchers and patient activists around the world use CureHunter every day.
Realize the full power of the drug-disease research network!

Choose Username:
Verify Password: