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Nitrogen starvation affects bacterial adhesion to soil.

Abstract
One of the main factors limiting the bioremediation of subsoil environments based on bioaugmentation is the transport of selected microorganisms to the contaminated zones. The characterization of the physiological responses of the inoculated microorganisms to starvation, especially the evaluation of characteristics that affect the adhesion of the cells to soil particles, is fundamental to anticipate the success or failure of bioaugmentation. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of nitrogen starvation on cell surface hydrophobicity and cell adhesion to soil particles by bacterial strains previously characterized as able to use benzene, toluene or xilenes as carbon and energy sources. The strains LBBMA 18-T (non-identified), Arthrobacter aurescens LBBMA 98, Arthrobacter oxydans LBBMA 201, and Klebsiella sp. LBBMA 204-1 were used in the experiments. Cultivation of the cells in nitrogen-deficient medium caused a significant reduction of the adhesion to soil particles by all the four strains. Nitrogen starvation also reduced significantly the strength of cell adhesion to the soil particles, except for Klebsiella sp. LBBMA 204-1. Two of the four strains showed significant reduction in cell surface hydrophobicity. It is inferred that the efficiency of bacterial transport through soils might be potentially increased by nitrogen starvation.
AuthorsMaria Tereza Borges, Antônio Galvão Nascimento, Ulisses Nunes Rocha, Marcos Rogério Tótola
JournalBrazilian journal of microbiology : [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology] (Braz J Microbiol) Vol. 39 Issue 3 Pg. 457-63 (Jul 2008) ISSN: 1517-8382 [Print] Brazil
PMID24031246 (Publication Type: Journal Article)

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