Delayed spontaneous pneumocephalus in ventriculoperitoneal shunting: two case reports and literature review.

Spontaneous pneumocephalus following cerebrospinal fluid shunt is a rare complication. In most cases, the air enters in the intracranial cavity via a skull base defect. We report 2 cases of delayed tension pneumocephalus, secondary to ventriculoperitoneal shunt, and review the etiopathogenesis, prevention and treatment of this condition.
AuthorsEdinson Najera Aguilar, Maria Castle Ramirez, Alicia Bollar Zabala, Enrique Urculo Bareño
JournalNeurocirugía (Asturias, Spain) (Neurocirugia (Astur)) 2014 Mar-Apr Vol. 25 Issue 2 Pg. 86-9 ISSN: 1130-1473 [Print] Spain
PMID23820190 (Publication Type: Case Reports, Journal Article, Review)
CopyrightCopyright © 2012 Sociedad Española de Neurocirugía. Published by Elsevier España. All rights reserved.
  • Aged
  • Frontal Sinus (pathology)
  • Headache (etiology)
  • Humans
  • Hydrocephalus (complications, surgery)
  • Intracranial Aneurysm (complications)
  • Intracranial Hypertension (complications)
  • Intracranial Hypotension (complications, physiopathology)
  • Language Disorders (etiology)
  • Male
  • Meningitis (complications)
  • Middle Aged
  • Paresis (etiology)
  • Pneumocephalus (etiology, physiopathology)
  • Postoperative Complications (etiology)
  • Skull Base (pathology)
  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage (complications)
  • Time Factors
  • Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt (adverse effects)

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