Influence of progestins on serum hormone levels in postmenopausal women with advanced breast cancer--I. General findings.

The influence of oral high dose progestin (medroxyprogesterone acetate, MPA and megestrol acetate, MA) treatment on serum hormone levels was studied in ten postmenopausal women with advanced breast cancer. The gonadotropins and ACTH were significantly reduced by greater than 50 and 23%, respectively. Serum cortisol, DHEAS, androstenedione and testosterone were all significantly reduced (mean reduction between 64 and 76%), while serum estrone, estradiol and estrone sulfate were significantly reduced by 20-30%. Sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) and corticosteroid binding globulin (CGB) were reduced by 68 and 25%, respectively. Although the dose of MA used (160 mg/day) was only 1/6 of the MPA dose (1000 mg/day), the mean serum level of MA was 2-fold higher than the mean serum level of MPA. MPA treatment gave a more pronounced suppression of SHBG than MA treatment, while estrone sulfate levels were more suppressed by MA. These findings suggest a differential effect of MPA and MA on certain plasma hormones, possibly of importance for understanding the mechanism of action of the two drugs. The reduction of estrone sulfate may be beneficial for the action of MA against breast cancer.
AuthorsS Lundgren, P E Lønning, E Utaaker, A Aakvaag, S Kvinnsland
JournalJournal of steroid biochemistry (J Steroid Biochem) Vol. 36 Issue 1-2 Pg. 99-104 (Jun 1990) ISSN: 0022-4731 [Print] ENGLAND
PMID2362454 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Androgens
  • Estrogens
  • Hormones
  • Sex Hormone-Binding Globulin
  • Estrone
  • Transcortin
  • Megestrol
  • Medroxyprogesterone
  • estrone sulfate
  • Megestrol Acetate
  • Aged
  • Androgens (blood)
  • Breast Neoplasms (drug therapy)
  • Estrogens (blood)
  • Estrone (analogs & derivatives, blood)
  • Female
  • Hormones (blood)
  • Humans
  • Medroxyprogesterone (pharmacology)
  • Megestrol (analogs & derivatives, pharmacology)
  • Megestrol Acetate
  • Middle Aged
  • Sex Hormone-Binding Globulin (metabolism)
  • Transcortin (metabolism)

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