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Sequential hTERT knockdown and apigenin treatment inhibited invasion and proliferation and induced apoptosis in human malignant neuroblastoma SK-N-DZ and SK-N-BE2 cells.

Abstract
Human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) plays a key role in conferring immortality to human malignant neuroblastomas. We first determined differential expression of hTERT in four human malignant neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y, SK-N-DZ, SK-N-BE2, and IMR-32 cell lines. We then used SK-N-DZ and SK-N-BE2 cell lines, which showed the highest expression of hTERT, to investigate the therapeutic effects of sequential hTERT knockdown and apigenin (APG) treatment. We performed cell invasion assay and studied alterations in expression of matrix metalloproteinases and cell cycle regulatory molecules after this combination therapy. We also investigated induction of apoptosis by using in situ Wright staining, Annexin V staining, and Western blotting. Sequential hTERT knockdown and APG treatment significantly downregulated expression of hTERT so as to cause over 90 % inhibition of cell invasion and 70 % induction of apoptosis in both SK-N-DZ and SK-N-BE2 cell lines. Western blotting demonstrated downregulation of the molecules involved in cell invasion and proliferation, but upregulation of the cell cycle inhibitor and apoptosis-inducing molecules. In conclusion, our current results clearly showed that sequential hTERT knockdown and APG treatment could be a promising therapeutic strategy for effective inhibition of invasion and proliferation and induction of apoptosis in hTERT overexpressing malignant neuroblastoma cells.
AuthorsMrinmay Chakrabarti, Naren L Banik, Swapan K Ray
JournalJournal of molecular neuroscience : MN (J Mol Neurosci) Vol. 51 Issue 1 Pg. 187-98 (Sep 2013) ISSN: 1559-1166 [Electronic] United States
PMID23417743 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • RNA, Small Interfering
  • Apigenin
  • TERT protein, human
  • Telomerase
  • Matrix Metalloproteinases
Topics
  • Apigenin (pharmacology, toxicity)
  • Apoptosis
  • Brain Neoplasms (metabolism)
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Humans
  • Matrix Metalloproteinases (genetics, metabolism)
  • Neuroblastoma (metabolism)
  • Neurons (drug effects, metabolism)
  • RNA, Small Interfering (pharmacology)
  • Telomerase (antagonists & inhibitors, genetics, metabolism)

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