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[Chain of errors in laparoscopic appendectomy].

AbstractBACKGROUND:
The urachal cyst is a rare pathology in the adult patient and in general is asymptomatic. The goal of this presentation is to learn of the errors.
CLINICAL CASE:
A 22 year old female with clinical diagnosis of acute appendicitis was taken to surgical management. Laparoscopy confirmed the diagnosis. Laparoscopic appendectomy was performed uneventfully. Four weeks in the postoperative period the patient developed reddening and softening in the left surgical wound which was a trocar incision. The initial diagnosis was a granuloma which was removed surgically twice. A fistulogram and abdominal CT scan were negative. Finally, we decided to perform a laparatomy trought the same incision and we found an infected urachal cyst, which was excised. A retrospective analysis of the laparoscopic appendectomy shows the urachal cyst and the perforation by the trocars.
CONCLUSION:
an inadequate process in the laparoscopic vision, in the diagnosis and technical errors were the cause of this chain of errors and a major temporal damage to this patient. An optimal laparoscopy would have detected the urachal cyst and treated of the two pathologies simultaneously. An adequate trocar placement would not have perforated the urachal cyst and therefore there would have been no postoperative symptoms. Finally open appendectomy could have avoided this chain of errors.
AuthorsHumberto Arenas-Márquez, Jaime Francisco Hernández-Zúñiga, Luis Manuel Barrera-Zepeda, María Rosa Flores-Márquez, Roberto Chávez-Pérez
JournalCirugía y cirujanos (Cir Cir) 2012 Jul-Aug Vol. 80 Issue 4 Pg. 379-84 ISSN: 0009-7411 [Print] Mexico
Vernacular TitleCadena de errores en apendicectomía laparoscópica.
PMID23374388 (Publication Type: Case Reports, English Abstract, Journal Article)
Topics
  • Appendectomy (adverse effects, methods)
  • Appendicitis (surgery)
  • Cutaneous Fistula (diagnosis, etiology, radiography)
  • Delayed Diagnosis
  • Diagnostic Errors (prevention & control)
  • Female
  • Granuloma, Foreign-Body (diagnosis, pathology)
  • Humans
  • Intraoperative Complications (diagnosis, etiology, prevention & control)
  • Laparoscopy (adverse effects, methods)
  • Laparotomy
  • Seroma (diagnosis, surgery)
  • Surgical Instruments
  • Surgical Wound Infection (etiology, prevention & control)
  • Sutures (adverse effects)
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed
  • Urachal Cyst (complications, diagnosis, surgery)
  • Urachus (injuries)
  • Young Adult

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