[The concentration of free lidocaine in arterial, central venous and peripheral vein plasma following intravenous injection].

Ten intensive care patients and five healthy volunteers each received a bolus injection of lidocaine HCl (100 mg, 2%) over an injection period of 5 s. After 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 8, 15 and 25 min arterial, central venous and peripheral venous blood samples were collected. In four of the volunteers, arterial and central venous samples were also taken about 10 s after the end of injection. The fluorescence polarization method by means of the Abbott-TDx system was used, and plasma concentrations of lidocaine were determined. The measurements showed that lidocaine levels in central venous plasma 10 s after the end of administration were higher than those in arterial plasma. By 30 s after administration the opposite situation had developed, so that arterial concentrations were higher than those in central venous plasma. This relation did not change throughout the study, though the two levels became closer, as is shown by the ratios (Table 3, Fig. 2). Concentrations in peripheral venous plasma increased more slowly but remained far below those in arterial and central venous plasma, at least for the first 8 min. After 15 min lidocaine levels were almost the same in all three samples. During the entire study there were no ECG changes, and neither heart rate nor blood pressure showed any significant deviation from the values obtained at the beginning. The volunteers had minor toxic manifestations, such as dizziness, tinnitus and a metallic taste in the mouth; one person had a sensation of pressure in his chest, which improved following oxygen administration.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
AuthorsH Nolte, B al Saydali, W Weissenberg
JournalRegional-Anaesthesie (Reg Anaesth) Vol. 13 Issue 2 Pg. 29-35 (Mar 1990) ISSN: 0171-1946 [Print] GERMANY, WEST
Vernacular TitleDas Verhalten von freiem Lidocain im arteriellen, zentralvenösen und periphervenösen Plasma nach intravenöser Injektion.
PMID2330429 (Publication Type: English Abstract, Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Lidocaine
  • Adult
  • Arteries
  • Female
  • Fluorescence Polarization
  • Humans
  • Injections, Intravenous
  • Lidocaine (administration & dosage, blood)
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Veins

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