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Continent urinary diversion in childhood.

Abstract
We review 24 children and young adults who underwent continent urinary diversion. The indications for an operation included bladder exstrophy in 11 patients, myelomeningocele in 8, sacral agenesis in 3, cloacal anomaly in 1, and traumatic disruption of the bladder neck and urethra in 1. The operations performed included an Indiana pouch in 19 patients, including 12 whose stoma was brought to a perineal position and 7 whose stoma was placed in the anterior abdominal wall. A Kock pouch was used in 2 patients and the Mitrofanoff principle was used in 3. The particular indications for the different procedures are discussed at length. Postoperative daytime continence as defined by at least 4 hours of dryness is present in all 24 patients to date, while 4 have nocturnal incontinence. Renal function is stable in all patients to date. In 18 patients postoperative urine cultures were positive during followup. All patients are on clean intermittent catheterization and reoperation has been required in 2 relating to an inability to perform postoperative intermittent catheterization. Two patients underwent reoperation for small bowel obstruction. The series supports the use of continent urinary diversion as a viable alternative to traditional forms of conduit diversion in children and young adults.
AuthorsT W Hensle, J P Connor, K A Burbige
JournalThe Journal of urology (J Urol) Vol. 143 Issue 5 Pg. 981-3 (May 1990) ISSN: 0022-5347 [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID2329616 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
Topics
  • Adolescent
  • Bacteriuria (diagnosis)
  • Child
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Kidney (physiopathology)
  • Male
  • Postoperative Complications (physiopathology, prevention & control, therapy)
  • Reoperation
  • Self Care
  • Urinary Catheterization
  • Urinary Diversion (methods)
  • Urinary Incontinence (physiopathology, prevention & control, therapy)

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