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Telmisartan modulates mitochondrial function in vascular smooth muscle cells.

Abstract
The development of atherosclerosis is associated with disturbances in mitochondrial function that impair effective adenosine triphosphate (ATP) production, increase generation of superoxide and induce subsequent apoptosis in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). As peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) has a potentially important role in the regulation of mitochondrial metabolism, we studied effects of the partial PPARγ agonist and angiotensin receptor blocker telmisartan, on mitochondria-related cellular responses in VSMC. In human VSMC, telmisartan increased ATP levels and activation of mitochondrial complex II, succinate dehydrogenase, reduced the release of H2O2 and attenuated H2O2-induced increases in caspase 3/7 activity, a marker of cellular apoptosis. Eprosartan, an angiotensin II receptor blocker that lacks the ability to activate PPARγ, had no effect on these mitochondria-related cellular responses in VSMC. Studies in PPARγ-deficient VSMC revealed that the effects of telmisartan on mitochondrial function were largely independent of PPARγ although the presence of PPARγ modulated effects of telmisartan on H2O2 levels. These findings demonstrate that telmisartan can have significant effects on mitochondrial metabolism in VSMC that are potentially relevant to the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease and that involve more than just angiotensin receptor blockade and activation of PPARγ.
AuthorsKiyo Takeuchi, Koichi Yamamoto, Mitsuru Ohishi, Hikari Takeshita, Kazuhiro Hongyo, Tatsuo Kawai, Masao Takeda, Kei Kamide, Theodore W Kurtz, Hiromi Rakugi
JournalHypertension research : official journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension (Hypertens Res) Vol. 36 Issue 5 Pg. 433-9 (May 2013) ISSN: 1348-4214 [Electronic] England
PMID23254392 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Angiotensin II Type 1 Receptor Blockers
  • Benzimidazoles
  • Benzoates
  • PPAR gamma
  • Adenosine Triphosphate
  • Hydrogen Peroxide
  • telmisartan
Topics
  • Adenosine Triphosphate (metabolism)
  • Angiotensin II Type 1 Receptor Blockers (pharmacology)
  • Animals
  • Apoptosis (drug effects)
  • Benzimidazoles (pharmacology)
  • Benzoates (pharmacology)
  • Cells, Cultured
  • DNA Copy Number Variations (drug effects)
  • Humans
  • Hydrogen Peroxide (metabolism)
  • Mice
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Mitochondria (drug effects, physiology)
  • Muscle, Smooth, Vascular (drug effects, metabolism)
  • Myocytes, Smooth Muscle (drug effects, metabolism)
  • PPAR gamma (deficiency, metabolism)

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