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Rituximab in treatment of idiopathic glomerulopathy.

Abstract
The aim of our study was to assess the role of rituximab (Mabthera) in the treatment of patients with corticosteroid-resistant and calcineurin-inhibitors ± cellcept refractory idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (INS). A total of 83 patients who had required the previous treatment for a minimum of two years were included in the study. Our protocol included the use of rituximab in four-weekly slow infusions. Five patients were excluded as they could not tolerate rituximab infusion for allergic reaction. As expected, none of the patients had a decline in the total circulating lymphocyte counts yet all had achieved decline of their initially normal CD20 to < 0.5% one month after infusion. The decline persisted for eight to ten months later. In the minimal change disease (MCD) group, 31 of the 32 patients had complete remission (CR) and were off any immunosuppressive therapy and one of the previous non-responders (NR) did not respond. Excluding two patients who had required retreatment, the others remained in CR (17 up to 28 months and six up to 36 months). Treatment with rituximab resulted in amelioration of NS in 17 of the 18 patients with focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS), while only one patient remained NR. Although renal function remained stable, proteinuria reappeared by eight to 12 months. Retreatment with rituximab resulted in a similar response with stable kidney function. In the 28 patients with membranous glomerulopathy (MG), 24 had achieved CR. Two patients failed to respond and two had partial remission. By 12 months, all patients relapsed. The response was within one month following treatment in patient with MCD, but was gradual within three months in FSGS and MG. Relapsers in all groups responded in a similar pattern to repeat dosing with the drug subsequently. Our prospective study represents an adequate number of patients with biopsy-proven subgroups of INS in both children and adults with long-term follow-up of treatment with rituximab. The drug is effective and safe for treatment of patients refractory to the conventional agents.
AuthorsKamel El-Reshaid, Hossameldin Tawfik Sallam, Abbass Ali Hakim, Rajaa Al-Attiyah
JournalSaudi journal of kidney diseases and transplantation : an official publication of the Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation, Saudi Arabia (Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl) Vol. 23 Issue 5 Pg. 973-8 (Sep 2012) ISSN: 1319-2442 [Print] Saudi Arabia
PMID22982909 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Adrenal Cortex Hormones
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived
  • Calcineurin Inhibitors
  • Immunosuppressive Agents
  • Rituximab
  • mycophenolate mofetil
  • Mycophenolic Acid
Topics
  • Adrenal Cortex Hormones (therapeutic use)
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived (administration & dosage, adverse effects, therapeutic use)
  • Biopsy
  • Calcineurin Inhibitors
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Drug Administration Schedule
  • Drug Resistance
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Immunosuppressive Agents (administration & dosage, adverse effects, therapeutic use)
  • Kuwait
  • Male
  • Mycophenolic Acid (analogs & derivatives, therapeutic use)
  • Nephrotic Syndrome (congenital, diagnosis, drug therapy)
  • Prospective Studies
  • Remission Induction
  • Rituximab
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome

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