Determination of brevetoxins in shellfish by LC/MS/MS: single-laboratory validation.

A single-laboratory validation is reported for an LC/MS/MS quantification of six brevetoxins in four matrixes (Greenshell mussel, eastern oyster, hard clam, and Pacific oyster). Recovery and precision data were collected from seven analytical batches using shellfish flesh at 0.05 mg/kg. Method recoveries and within-laboratory reproducibility ranged from 73 to 112%, with an RSD between 14 and 18% for brevetoxin-3, brevetoxin B5, brevetoxin B2, and S-desoxy brevetoxin B2. The recovery and within-laboratory reproducibility for brevetoxin-2 was 61%, with an RSD of 27%. Brevetoxin B1 gave an RSD of 12%, but no reference material was available and this toxin was only recorded in a hard clam sample naturally contaminated with brevetoxins. One naturally contaminated sample of each shellfish matrix, with brevetoxin levels ranging from 0.012 to 9.9 mg/kg, was tested in multiple batches, and the RSDs were similar to those for fortified samples at 0.05 mg/kg. Comparisons with limited data for the neurotoxic shellfish poisoning mouse bioassay for four naturally contaminated shellfish samples showed that the regulatory action limit of 0.8 mg/kg is conservative with respect to the bioassay regulatory limit of 20 mouse units/100 g.
AuthorsPaul S McNabb, Andrew I Selwood, Roel Van Ginkel, Michael Boundy, Patrick T Holland
JournalJournal of AOAC International (J AOAC Int) 2012 Jul-Aug Vol. 95 Issue 4 Pg. 1097-105 ISSN: 1060-3271 [Print] United States
PMID22970578 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Marine Toxins
  • Oxocins
  • S-desoxybrevetoxin-B2
  • Toxins, Biological
  • brevetoxin 2
  • brevetoxin 3
  • brevetoxin B
  • Animals
  • Biological Assay (methods)
  • Bivalvia
  • Chromatography, Liquid (methods)
  • Food Analysis (methods)
  • Food Contamination
  • Laboratories
  • Marine Toxins (analysis)
  • Mice
  • Ostreidae
  • Oxocins (analysis)
  • Reference Values
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Shellfish
  • Shellfish Poisoning (prevention & control)
  • Tandem Mass Spectrometry (methods)
  • Toxins, Biological (analysis)

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