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[Use of endoscopic tissue adhesive injection for gastric varices].

AbstractOBJECTIVE:
To evaluate the long-term efficacy and safety of endoscopic tissue adhesive(N-octyl-α-cyanoacrylate) injection for the treatment of gastric varices.
METHODS:
A retrospective study was performed to review the clinical and follow up data of 169 patients with gastric variceal who received tissue adhesive injection at the Fudan University Affiliated Zhongshan Hospital between April 2004 and December 2011.
RESULTS:
There were 128 males and 41 females with a mean age of 56.8(37-85) years old. One hundred and thirty-one patients received one injection, 38 received two injections or more with a mean of 1.12 per patient. Volume of injection ranged from 1 to 3 ml(mean, 1.7 ml). Eighty-three patients received adhesive injection alone, 231 received injection combined with ligation, 50 received combined sclerotic agent injection. All the patients had follow up ranging from 1 to 78 months(mean, 3.4 months). The treatment outcome was satisfactory in 130 patients(76.9%), good in 36(21.3%), and ineffective in 3(1.8%). The rate of ectopic embolization was 3.0%, and the rate of early re-bleeding was 1.2%. Postoperatively there were no septic complications or esophageal stricture. There were no deaths within 2 weeks.
CONCLUSION:
Injection of tissue adhesive under endoscopic guidance for treatment of gastric varices is convenient, safe and effective.
AuthorsLi-li Ma, Xiao-qing Zeng, Jing-jing Lian, Jie Chen, Quan-lin Li, Shi-yao Chen
JournalZhonghua wei chang wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of gastrointestinal surgery (Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi) Vol. 15 Issue 7 Pg. 691-3 (Jul 2012) ISSN: 1671-0274 [Print] China
PMID22851071 (Publication Type: English Abstract, Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Tissue Adhesives
Topics
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Esophageal and Gastric Varices (therapy)
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Gastroscopy
  • Humans
  • Injections, Intralesional
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Tissue Adhesives (administration & dosage, therapeutic use)
  • Treatment Outcome

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