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Do breast implants adversely affect prognosis among those subsequently diagnosed with breast cancer? Findings from an extended follow-up of a Canadian cohort.

AbstractBACKGROUND:
Cosmetic breast implants may impair the ability to detect breast cancers. The aims of this study were to examine whether implants and implant characteristics are associated with more advanced breast tumors at diagnosis and poorer survival.
METHODS:
Study population includes all invasive breast cancer cases diagnosed during follow-up of the large Canadian Breast Implant Cohort. A total of 409 women with cosmetic breast implants and 444 women with other cosmetic surgery were diagnosed with breast cancer. These women were compared for stage at diagnosis using multinomial logistic regression models. Cox proportional hazards regression models were used for breast cancer-specific mortality analyses. Comparisons were also conducted according to implant characteristics.
RESULTS:
Compared with women with other cosmetic surgery, those with cosmetic breast implants had at later stage breast cancer diagnosis (OR of having stage III/IV vs. stage I at diagnosis: 3.04, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.81-5.10; P < 0.001). A nonstatistically significant increase in breast cancer-specific mortality rate for women with breast implants relative to surgical controls was observed (HR = 1.32, 95% CI: 0.94-1.83, P = 0.11). No statistically significant differences in stage and breast cancer mortality were observed according to implant characteristics.
CONCLUSIONS:
At diagnosis, breast cancers tended to be at more advanced stages among women with cosmetic breast implants. Breast cancer-specific survival was lower in these women although the reduction did not reach statistical significance.
IMPACT:
Further investigations of the effect of breast implants on breast cancer prognosis are warranted.
AuthorsEric Lavigne, Eric J Holowaty, Sai Yi Pan, Lin Xie, Paul J Villeneuve, Howard Morrison, Jacques Brisson
JournalCancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology (Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev) Vol. 21 Issue 10 Pg. 1868-76 (Oct 2012) ISSN: 1538-7755 [Electronic] United States
PMID22850806 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Copyright2012 AACR
Topics
  • Adult
  • Breast Implants (adverse effects)
  • Breast Neoplasms (mortality, pathology)
  • Canada (epidemiology)
  • Cohort Studies
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Logistic Models
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Prognosis
  • Proportional Hazards Models

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