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Antibody response to vaccines for rhinotracheitis, caliciviral disease, panleukopenia, feline leukemia, and rabies in tigers (Panthera tigris) and lions (Panthera leo).

Abstract
This article presents the results of a study of captive tigers (Panthera tigris) and lions (Panthera leo) vaccinated with a recombinant vaccine against feline leukemia virus; an inactivated adjuvanted vaccine against rabies virus; and a multivalent modified live vaccine against feline herpesvirus, calicivirus, and panleukopenia virus. The aim of the study was to assess the immune response and safety of the vaccines and to compare the effects of the administration of single (1 ml) and double (2 ml) doses. The animals were separated into two groups and received either single or double doses of vaccines, followed by blood collection for serologic response for 400 days. No serious adverse event was observed, with the exception of abortion in one lioness, potentially caused by the incorrect use of the feline panleukopenia virus modified live vaccine. There was no significant difference between single and double doses for all vaccines. The recombinant vaccine against feline leukemia virus did not induce any serologic response. The vaccines against rabies and feline herpesvirus induced a significant immune response in the tigers and lions. The vaccine against calicivirus did not induce a significant increase in antibody titers in either tigers or lions. The vaccine against feline panleukopenia virus induced a significant immune response in tigers but not in lions. This report demonstrates the value of antibody titer determination after vaccination of nondomestic felids.
AuthorsEmmanuel Risi, Albert Agoulon, Franck Allaire, Sophie Le Dréan-Quénec'hdu, Virginie Martin, Philippe Mahl
JournalJournal of zoo and wildlife medicine : official publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians (J Zoo Wildl Med) Vol. 43 Issue 2 Pg. 248-55 (Jun 2012) ISSN: 1042-7260 [Print] United States
PMID22779227 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Antibodies, Viral
  • Viral Vaccines
Topics
  • Animals
  • Animals, Zoo
  • Antibodies, Viral (blood)
  • Caliciviridae Infections (prevention & control, veterinary)
  • Cats
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Immunologic
  • Feline Panleukopenia (immunology, prevention & control)
  • Leukemia, Feline (immunology, prevention & control)
  • Lions
  • Rabies (prevention & control, veterinary)
  • Serologic Tests
  • Tigers
  • Vaccination
  • Viral Vaccines (administration & dosage, immunology)

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