Long-term therapy with benazepril in patients with congestive heart failure: effects on clinical status and exercise tolerance.

Benazepril hydrochloride (CGS 14824A) is an orally active, nonsulfhydryl compound that is transformed in vivo to a long-acting inhibitor of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE). Previous studies have shown benazepril to lower blood pressure in hypertensive patients and to confer acute hemodynamic benefits in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). In the current multicenter investigation, 16 patients with chronic CHF due to left ventricular systolic dysfunction (ejection fraction less than 0.40 at rest) whose symptoms corresponded to New York Heart Association classes II to IV were given open-label benazepril once daily in ascending doses of 2 to 20 mg and followed biweekly for 12 weeks. Evaluation of the 15 subjects who completed the trial showed a progressive increase in treadmill exercise duration (from 7.65 +/- 3.64 [SD] minutes at baseline to 9.74 +/- 3.66 minutes at 12 weeks, P less than .001); augmentation of the mean left ventricular ejection fraction (from 0.266 +/- 0.133 at baseline to 0.292 +/- 0.136 at 12 weeks, P less than .025); relief of exertional dyspnea in 7 of the 15 patients (P less than .02); and improvement in global symptomatic status in 10 of the patients (P less than .01). These responses were accompanied by a reduction in serum ACE activity of 75% (from 27.2 +/- 10.5 IU/L at baseline to 6.7 +/- 1.9 IU/L at 12 weeks, P less than .001), which was independent of dose and duration of treatment. The magnitude of ACE inhibition did not correlate with changes in the efficacy variables. Aside from two instances of symptomatic hypotension (one of which was complicated by volume depletion), the drug was well tolerated.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
AuthorsH S Ribner, K B Sagar, S P Glasser, A M Hsieh, C V Dills, S Larkin, J DeSilva, J J Whalen
JournalJournal of clinical pharmacology (J Clin Pharmacol) Vol. 30 Issue 12 Pg. 1106-11 (Dec 1990) ISSN: 0091-2700 [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID2273083 (Publication Type: Clinical Trial, Journal Article, Multicenter Study)
Chemical References
  • Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Antihypertensive Agents
  • Benzazepines
  • benazepril
  • Aged
  • Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors (administration & dosage, adverse effects, therapeutic use)
  • Antihypertensive Agents (administration & dosage, adverse effects, therapeutic use)
  • Benzazepines (administration & dosage, adverse effects, therapeutic use)
  • Blood Pressure (drug effects)
  • Female
  • Heart Failure (drug therapy)
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Physical Endurance (drug effects)
  • Time Factors

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