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IL-17 neutralization significantly ameliorates hepatic granulomatous inflammation and liver damage in Schistosoma japonicum infected mice.

Abstract
IL-17 is a signature cytokine of Th17 cells implicated in the induction and progression of chronic inflammatory diseases. Several studies in C57BL/6 mice, immunized with soluble schistosome egg Ags (SEA) in complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA), and subsequently infected with Schistosoma mansoni (S. mansoni) have shown that severe hepatic granulomatous inflammation is correlated with high levels of IL-17. Here, using a Schistosoma japonicum (S. japonicum) larvae infection model in C57BL/6 mice, we analyzed the dynamic expression of IL-17 in infected livers by RT-qPCR and ELISA. Our results showed that IL-17 expression was elevated during the course of infection. The temporal expression of IL-17 and cytokines/chemokines involved in the induction and effector function of Th17 cells was paralleled with hepatic granulomatous inflammation. Treatment of S. japonicum infected mice with IL-17-neutralizing mAb resulted in significant downmodulation of granulomatous inflammation and hepatocyte necrosis. The protection was associated with lower expression of proinflammatory cytokines/chemokines, such as IL-6, IL-1β, CXCL1, and CXCL2 and a reduced number of infiltrating neutrophils. Anti-IL-17 mAb significantly ameliorated hepatic granulomatous inflammation, partly through the downregulation of proinflammatory cytokines/chemokines and recruitment of neutrophils. Our data indicate a pathogenic role of Th17/IL-17 in hepatic immunopathology in S. japonicum infected mice.
AuthorsYuxia Zhang, Liuxi Chen, Wenda Gao, Xin Hou, Yuqing Gu, Li Gui, Dake Huang, Miao Liu, Cuiping Ren, Siying Wang, Jijia Shen
JournalEuropean journal of immunology (Eur J Immunol) Vol. 42 Issue 6 Pg. 1523-35 (Jun 2012) ISSN: 1521-4141 [Electronic] Germany
PMID22678906 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Copyright© 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Chemical References
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Chemokines
  • Cytokines
  • Inflammation Mediators
  • Interleukin-17
Topics
  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal (therapeutic use)
  • Chemokines (biosynthesis)
  • Cytokines (biosynthesis)
  • Female
  • Granuloma (drug therapy, etiology)
  • Inflammation (drug therapy, etiology)
  • Inflammation Mediators (metabolism)
  • Interleukin-17 (physiology)
  • Liver Diseases (drug therapy, etiology)
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Neutrophil Infiltration
  • Schistosomiasis japonica (complications, drug therapy, immunology)

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