Vaccinia recombinant virus expressing the rabies virus glycoprotein: safety and efficacy trials in Canadian wildlife.

Twenty-six meadow voles (Microtus pennsylvanicus), ten woodchucks (Marmota monax), thirteen grey squirrels (Sciurus carolinensis), thirteen ring-billed gulls (Larus delawarensis), six red-tailed hawks (Buteo jamaicensis) and eight great horned owls (Bubo virginianus) received vaccinia virus recombinant expressing the rabies virus glycoprotein (V-RG) by direct instillation into the oral cavity. Each of ten coyotes (Canis latrans) received the virus in two vaccine-laden baits. Several voles and most of the gulls died from diseases unrelated to vaccination during the observation period, but all other animals remained healthy and survived. These deaths from causes other than vaccination and the absence of any lesions suggestive of vaccinia infection indicate that it is unlikely that any animal suffered or died as a result of V-RG administration. In addition several animals showed an unexpected high level of rabies neutralizing antibodies.
AuthorsM Artois, K M Charlton, N D Tolson, G A Casey, M K Knowles, J B Campbell
JournalCanadian journal of veterinary research = Revue canadienne de recherche vétérinaire (Can J Vet Res) Vol. 54 Issue 4 Pg. 504-7 (Oct 1990) ISSN: 0830-9000 [Print] CANADA
PMID2249183 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Glycoproteins
  • Rabies Vaccines
  • Vaccines, Synthetic
  • Viral Proteins
  • Administration, Oral
  • Animals
  • Animals, Wild
  • Arvicolinae
  • Birds
  • Carnivora
  • Glycoproteins (immunology)
  • Marmota
  • Ontario
  • Rabies (prevention & control)
  • Rabies Vaccines (administration & dosage)
  • Rabies virus (immunology)
  • Sciuridae
  • Vaccines, Synthetic (administration & dosage)
  • Vaccinia virus
  • Viral Proteins (immunology)

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