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Decreased neutrophil apoptosis in quiescent ANCA-associated systemic vasculitis.

AbstractBACKGROUND:
ANCA-Associated Systemic Vasculitis (AASV) is characterized by leukocytoclasis, accumulation of unscavenged apoptotic and necrotic neutrophils in perivascular tissues. Dysregulation of neutrophil cell death may contribute directly to the pathogenesis of AASV.
METHODS:
Neutrophils from Healthy Blood Donors (HBD), patients with AASV most in complete remission, Polycythemia Vera (PV), Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE), Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) and renal transplant recipients (TP) were incubated in vitro, and the rate of spontaneous apoptosis was measured by FACS. Plasma levels of cytokines and sFAS were measured with cytometric bead array and ELISA. Expression of pro/anti-apoptotic factors, transcription factors C/EBP-α, C/EBP-β and PU.1 and inhibitors of survival/JAK2-pathway were measured by real-time-PCR.
RESULTS:
AASV, PV and RA neutrophils had a significantly lower rate of apoptosis compared to HBD neutrophils (AASV 50 ± 14% vs. HBD 64 ± 11%, p<0.0001). In RA but not in AASV and PV, low apoptosis rate correlated with increased plasma levels of GM-CSF and high mRNA levels of anti-apoptotic factors Bcl-2A1 and Mcl-1. AASV patients had normal levels of G-CSF, GM-CSF and IL-3. Both C/EBP-α, C/EBP-β were significantly higher in neutrophils from AASV patients than HBD. Levels of sFAS were significantly higher in AASV compared to HBD.
CONCLUSION:
Neutrophil apoptosis rates in vitro are decreased in AASV, RA and PV but mechanisms seem to differ. Increased mRNA levels of granulopoiesis-associated transcription factors and increased levels of sFAS in plasma were observed in AASV. Additional studies are required to define the mechanisms behind the decreased apoptosis rates, and possible connections with accumulation of dying neutrophils in regions of vascular lesions in AASV patients.
AuthorsMohamed Abdgawad, Åsa Pettersson, Lena Gunnarsson, Anders A Bengtsson, Pierre Geborek, Lars Nilsson, Mårten Segelmark, Thomas Hellmark
JournalPloS one (PLoS One) Vol. 7 Issue 3 Pg. e32439 ( 2012) ISSN: 1932-6203 [Electronic] United States
PMID22403660 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins
  • CD177 protein, human
  • GPI-Linked Proteins
  • Isoantigens
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Receptors, Cell Surface
  • apoptosis related protein 3, human
Topics
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Anti-Neutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody-Associated Vasculitis (blood, genetics, immunology)
  • Apoptosis (genetics)
  • Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins (metabolism)
  • Cell Survival (genetics)
  • Female
  • GPI-Linked Proteins (metabolism)
  • Humans
  • Isoantigens (metabolism)
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neutrophils (cytology)
  • RNA, Messenger (genetics, metabolism)
  • Receptors, Cell Surface (metabolism)
  • Young Adult

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