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Cardiac surgery in cirrhotic patients: results and evaluation of risk factors.

AbstractOBJECTIVES:
Liver cirrhosis increases mortality and morbidity following cardiac surgery. This study evaluated the results of cardiac surgery in cirrhotic patients and the relevance of EuroSCORE, Child-Turcotte-Pugh (CTP) class and model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score in terms of prediction of surgical mortality and survival.
METHODS:
The study involved 34 patients with hepatic cirrhosis who underwent cardiac surgery between January 1996 and January 2010.
RESULTS:
The in-hospital mortality was 26%. Postoperative mortality of patients with CTP class A, B or C was 18, 40 and 100%, respectively. In univariate analysis, a history of cerebrovascular disease and hypoalbuminaemia was predictive of operative mortality. Multivariate exact logistic regression revealed that hypoalbuminaemia was an independent factor. Long-term survival was 63 ± 0.08% at 1 year and 40.2 ± 0.12% at 5 years. The 1-year survival for CTP A, B and C was 76.7 ± 0.09, 60 ± 15.4 and 0%, respectively, and the 5-year survival was 60 ± 15.4, 25 ± 0.19 and 0%, respectively. The EuroSCORE was not a discriminant [area under the curve (AUC): 0.57 ± 0.15]. The performance of CTP class and MELD score was better, but neither provided optimal discrimination: AUC was 0.691 ± 0.110 for MELD and 0.658 ± 0.10 for CTP class.
CONCLUSIONS:
Cardiac surgery can be performed safely in CTP class A patients. In CTP C patients, surgery is hazardous, and an alternative treatment must be considered. In CTP B, the MELD score could be helpful in deciding whether surgical intervention is a reasonable option.
AuthorsFabrice Vanhuyse, Pablo Maureira, Eric Portocarrero, Nicolas Laurent, Malik Lekehal, Jean-Pierre Carteaux, Jean-Pierre Villemot
JournalEuropean journal of cardio-thoracic surgery : official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery (Eur J Cardiothorac Surg) Vol. 42 Issue 2 Pg. 293-9 (Aug 2012) ISSN: 1873-734X [Electronic] Germany
PMID22290926 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
Topics
  • Aged
  • Blood Loss, Surgical (statistics & numerical data)
  • Blood Transfusion (statistics & numerical data)
  • Cardiac Surgical Procedures (mortality)
  • Epidemiologic Methods
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Liver Cirrhosis (complications, mortality)
  • Male
  • Postoperative Complications (mortality)

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