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Ensuring oral health for older individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities.

AbstractAIMS AND OBJECTIVES:
To emphasise the oral health needs of older individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities, the impact on the individual's general health and the role that can be played by nurses.
BACKGROUND:
All too often an examination and consideration of the oral health condition of this patient population by nurses/physicians is cursory at best. The increasing retention of the dentition into later years of life provides both the favourable abilities for eating, speech and self esteem, but also the potential for local and general health concerns.
DESIGN:
Discursive paper.
METHOD:
Based on the findings from dental examination of thousands of international athletes in the Special Olympic Games and clinical experiences in academic and private practice settings for care of individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities, a discursive listing was developed for use in a preliminary examination of the oral cavity.
CONCLUSION:
A nurse can play a critical role in the examination, preventive services and referrals for dental care for older individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities.
RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE:
The specific oral health needs of older individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities should be an integral component of the preventive and general health care provided by nurses.
AuthorsH Barry Waldman, Steven P Perlman
JournalJournal of clinical nursing (J Clin Nurs) Vol. 21 Issue 7-8 Pg. 909-13 (Apr 2012) ISSN: 1365-2702 [Electronic] England
PMID22283734 (Publication Type: Comparative Study, Journal Article, Review)
Copyright© 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Topics
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Dental Care (organization & administration)
  • Developmental Disabilities (diagnosis, nursing)
  • Disabled Persons (statistics & numerical data)
  • Female
  • Geriatric Assessment
  • Humans
  • Intellectual Disability (diagnosis, nursing)
  • Male
  • Monitoring, Physiologic
  • Needs Assessment
  • Nurse's Role
  • Oral Health
  • United States

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