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Autoantibodies against serotoninergic 5-HT(4) receptor in patients with heart failure.

Abstract
Serotoninergic 5-HT(4) receptors have been detected in several tissues including the heart. An autoimmune mechanism may underline the pathogenesis of heart failure. The aim of this work was to look for autoantibodies to the 5-HT(4) receptor in patients with heart failure. We looked for the presence of autoantibodies against 5-HT(4) receptor as well as angiotensin II type (AT1), β(1)-adrenoceptor, and muscarinic M2 receptors in the sera of 176 patients with heart failure (female: n=96, male: n=80) and in 108 controls (female: n=69; male: n=39). The prevalence of 5-HT(4) receptor autoantibodies was 18.8% (n=33) in the group of patients with heart failure and 4.6% (n=5) in the control group (p<0.002). The prevalence of autoantibodies against AT1 was 1.7 (n=3), β(1)-adrenoreceptor 0.6 (n=1), and muscarinic-receptor M2 4.2 (n=5). Female patients with diabetes and heart failure had a positive trend (p=0.07) to the presence of 5-HT(4) receptor autoantibodies. In the group of female heart failure patients we found a significant correlation with the presence of coronary heart disease (p=0.05). The clinical relevance of 5-HT(4) receptor autoantibodies has to be further studied. The prevalence of 5-HT(4) receptor autoantibodies was highly significant in patients with chronic heart failure. It was also a significant correlation between these autoantibodies and the female subgroup with coronary heart disease. It is conceivable that the increased prevalence of autoantibodies against the 5-HT(4) receptor in patients with heart failure is more than just an epiphenomenon.
AuthorsM Breidert, S Wördehoff, A Hansen, P Eftekhari
JournalHormone and metabolic research = Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung = Hormones et métabolisme (Horm Metab Res) Vol. 44 Issue 1 Pg. 70-4 (Jan 2012) ISSN: 1439-4286 [Electronic] Germany
PMID22205572 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
Copyright© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
Chemical References
  • Autoantibodies
  • Receptors, Serotonin, 5-HT4
Topics
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Autoantibodies (blood, immunology)
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Female
  • Heart Failure (blood, immunology)
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Receptors, Serotonin, 5-HT4 (immunology)

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