Nitric oxide modulates hypoxia-inducible factor-1 and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 cross talk in response to hypobaric hypoxia.

The physiological response to hypobaric hypoxia represents a complex network of biochemical pathways in which the nitrergic system plays an important role. Previous studies have provided evidence for an interplay between the hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) under hypoxia. Here, we evaluate the potential involvement of nitric oxide (NO) in the cross talk between these two proteins. With this aim, we studied comparatively the effect of pharmacological inhibitors of NO production or PARP activity in the response of the mouse cerebral cortex to 4 h of exposure to a simulated altitude of 31,000 ft. Particularly, we analyzed the NO and reactive oxygen species production, the expression of NO synthase (NOS) isoforms, PARP-1 activity, HIF-1α expression and HIF-1 transcriptional activity, the protein level of the factor inhibiting HIF, and, finally, beclin-1 and fractin expression, as markers of cellular damage. Our results demonstrate that the reduction of NO level did not affect reactive oxygen species production but significantly 1) dampened the posthypoxic increase in neuronal NOS and inducible NOS expression without altering endothelial NOS protein level; 2) prevented PARP activation; 3) decreased HIF-1α response to hypoxia; 4) achieved a higher long-term HIF-1 transcriptional activity by reducing factor inhibiting HIF expression; and 5) reduced hypoxic damage. The pharmacological inhibition of PARP reproduced the NOS expression pattern and the HIF-1α response observed in NOS-inhibited mice, supporting its involvement in the NO-dependent regulation of hypoxia. As a whole, these results provide new data about the molecular mechanism underlying the beneficial effects of controlling NO production under hypobaric hypoxic conditions.
AuthorsRubén Martínez-Romero, Ana Cañuelo, Eva Siles, F Javier Oliver, Esther Martínez-Lara
JournalJournal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985) (J Appl Physiol (1985)) Vol. 112 Issue 5 Pg. 816-23 (Mar 2012) ISSN: 1522-1601 [Electronic] United States
PMID22174393 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins
  • Becn1 protein, mouse
  • Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1
  • Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerase Inhibitors
  • Reactive Oxygen Species
  • Nitric Oxide
  • Nitric Oxide Synthase
  • Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerases
  • NG-Nitroarginine Methyl Ester
  • Altitude
  • Animals
  • Anoxia (metabolism, physiopathology)
  • Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins (metabolism)
  • Cerebral Cortex (drug effects, metabolism, physiopathology)
  • Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1 (metabolism)
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • NG-Nitroarginine Methyl Ester (pharmacology)
  • Nitric Oxide (antagonists & inhibitors, metabolism)
  • Nitric Oxide Synthase (metabolism)
  • Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerase Inhibitors
  • Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerases (metabolism)
  • Reactive Oxygen Species (metabolism)

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