Clinical and biochemical outcomes of cinacalcet treatment of familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia: a case series.

Familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia is a rare benign autosomal-dominant genetic disease with high penetrance. In most cases, patients with familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia experience unspecific physical discomfort or asymptomatic disease. These patients are typically characterized by mild to moderately increased blood ionized calcium and a normal to slightly elevated serum parathyroid hormone.
Four female patients with familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia with inactivating mutations in the CaSR gene were included in the treatment study. Three patients were related: two were siblings and one was the daughter of one of these. The ages of the related patients were 51 years, 57 years and 35 years. All three patients were carriers of the same mutation. The fourth patient, unrelated to the others, was 53 years old, and a carrier of a novel and previously unknown mutation leading to familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia. All four patients were Caucasians of Danish nationality. Biochemically, all patients had elevated blood ionized calcium, serum parathyroid hormone, serum magnesium and total serum calcium, except one, whose serum parathyroid hormone was within the normal range prior to treatment. All patients were treated with cinacalcet in a dosage of 30 mg to 60 mg per day.
Three months after the initiation of cinacalcet treatment, all our patients experiencing clinical signs of hypercalcemia had improved in self -reported well-being and in biochemical parameters. None of our patients suffered adverse events to cinacalcet treatment. Biochemical markers of calcium homeostasis were improved and remained stable during the observation period of 12 months (two patients), 24 and 36 months, in both the symptomatic and the asymptomatic patients.
AuthorsAnne Qvist Rasmussen, Niklas Rye Jørgensen, Peter Schwarz
JournalJournal of medical case reports (J Med Case Rep) Vol. 5 Pg. 564 ( 2011) ISSN: 1752-1947 [Electronic] England
PMID22142470 (Publication Type: Journal Article)

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