Safety analysis of FOLFOX4 treatment in colorectal cancer patients: a comparison between two Asian studies and four Western studies.

Oxaliplatin-based therapy, notably FOLFOX4 (5-fluorouracil, leucovorin, and oxaliplatin), is a standard regimen approved globally for the treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer, and as adjuvant treatment of colon cancer. As part of the Japanese submission for the adjuvant indication, the safety profile of FOLFOX4 regimen was compared in Asian and Western patients.
A total of 3359 patients with colorectal cancer treated with the FOLFOX4 regimen were included in the analyses: 1515 from 2 Asian studies (Japanese Post Marketing Surveillance and Multicenter Asia Study in Adjuvant Treatment of Colon Cancer with Oxaliplatin/5-FU/LV), and 1844 from 4 Western studies (EFC2962, N9741, EFC4584, and Multicenter International Study of Oxaliplatin/5-Fluorouracil/Leucovorin in the Adjuvant Treatment of Colon Cancer). Doses administered and safety parameters were analyzed by using common definitions and programs.
Demographic and baseline characteristics were comparable between Asian and Western patients. Patients received FOLFOX4 for a median of 6-12 cycles, which ranged from 16 to 28 weeks. Median dose intensities of oxaliplatin and of 5-fluorouracil, bolus and infusion, were within the ranges of 33 to 36 mg/m(2)/week, 297 to 338 mg/m(2)/week, and 467 to 510 mg/m(2)/week, respectively. Most frequently reported adverse events (AE) included hematologic, gastrointestinal, and neurosensory adverse events (NSAE). The incidence of grade ≥3 neutropenia ranged from 37% (422 of 1134) to 52% (83 of 159) in Asian and 41% (455 of 1108) to 56% (144 of 259) in Western studies; of diarrhea, ranged from 1.4% (3 of 222) to 6.3% (10 of 159) and 11% (30 of 268 or 120 of 1108) to 14% (36 of 259); of NSAEs, from 1.9% (21 of 1134) to 4.4% (7 of 159) and 9.3% (25 of 268) to 19% (39 of 209); and of allergic reactions, from 0.6% (7 of 1134) to 3.1% (5 of 159) and 1.1% (3 of 268) to 3.0% (33 of 1108), respectively. The probability of grade ≥3 NSAEs and diarrhea was statistically significantly lower in Asian than in Western studies by using a log-rank test.
There was no evidence that Asian patients experienced worse toxicity than did Western patients when treated with FOLFOX4, and trends toward reduced neurotoxicity and diarrhea among Asian patients were observed.
AuthorsKenichi Sugihara, Atsushi Ohtsu, Yasuhiro Shimada, Nobuyuki Mizunuma, Po-Huang Lee, Aimery de Gramont, Richard M Goldberg, Mace L Rothenberg, Thierry André, Silvano Brienza, Katsushige Gomi
JournalClinical colorectal cancer (Clin Colorectal Cancer) Vol. 11 Issue 2 Pg. 127-37 (Jun 2012) ISSN: 1938-0674 [Electronic] United States
PMID22099928 (Publication Type: Comparative Study, Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
CopyrightCopyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Chemical References
  • Organoplatinum Compounds
  • Leucovorin
  • Fluorouracil
  • Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols (adverse effects)
  • Asia
  • Australia
  • Canada
  • Clinical Trials as Topic
  • Colorectal Neoplasms (drug therapy, ethnology)
  • Europe
  • Fluorouracil (adverse effects)
  • Humans
  • Israel
  • Leucovorin (adverse effects)
  • Neurotoxicity Syndromes (ethnology)
  • Organoplatinum Compounds (adverse effects)
  • United States

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