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Efficacy, safety and tolerability of rasagiline as adjunctive therapy in elderly patients with Parkinson's disease.

AbstractBACKGROUND:
Rasagiline, an MAO-B inhibitor, is indicated for the treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD). In this post hoc analysis, the efficacy, safety and tolerability of rasagiline as an adjunct to levodopa were compared with placebo in elderly (≥70 years) and younger (<70 years) patients with PD.
METHODS:
Data were pooled from the Parkinson's Rasagiline: Efficacy and Safety on the Treatment of 'OFF' and Lasting effect in Adjunct therapy with Rasagiline Given Once daily randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials with the primary efficacy end-point being the reduction from baseline in daily OFF time. Secondary efficacy end-points included scores for Clinical Global Improvement (CGI)-Examiner during ON time, Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS)-ADL during OFF time, UPDRS-Motor during ON time and total daily ON time with and without troublesome dyskinesia. Tolerability was evaluated from adverse events (AEs) in the two age groups.
RESULTS:
Rasagiline decreased daily OFF time versus placebo (P<0.01) and improved CGI-Examiner score (P=0.001) and UPDRS-Motor ON score (P<0.05). Changes in UPDRS-ADL OFF score and total daily ON time without dyskinesia also favoured rasagiline but were not significant. Between-group comparisons (≥70 vs. <70 years) showed that efficacy was unaffected by age for all end-points (P>0.1), and rasagiline was well tolerated amongst both groups of patients with a comparable incidence of total and dopaminergic AEs (P>0.1).
CONCLUSIONS:
Adjunct rasagiline is efficacious and well tolerated in elderly non-demented patients (≥70 years) with moderate to advanced PD. Confirmation of the efficacy and safety of rasagiline in the elderly patient subgroup is especially relevant because of the increasing number of elderly patients with PD.
AuthorsE Tolosa, M B Stern
JournalEuropean journal of neurology (Eur J Neurol) Vol. 19 Issue 2 Pg. 258-64 (Feb 2012) ISSN: 1468-1331 [Electronic] England
PMID21819487 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Randomized Controlled Trial, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Copyright© 2011 The Author(s). European Journal of Neurology © 2011 EFNS.
Chemical References
  • Antiparkinson Agents
  • Indans
  • Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors
  • Neuroprotective Agents
  • rasagiline
Topics
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Antiparkinson Agents (adverse effects, therapeutic use)
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Drug Therapy, Combination
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Indans (adverse effects, therapeutic use)
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (adverse effects, therapeutic use)
  • Neuroprotective Agents (adverse effects, therapeutic use)
  • Parkinson Disease (drug therapy)
  • Treatment Outcome

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