Purification of a toxic metalloprotease produced by the pathogenic Photobacterium damselae subsp. piscicida isolated from cobia (Rachycentron canadum).

The aim of the present study was to purify and characterize a toxic protease secreted by the pathogenic Photobacterium damselae subsp. piscicida strain CP1 originally isolated from diseased cobia (Rachycentron canadum). The toxin isolated by anion exchange chromatography, was a metalloprotease, inhibited by L-cysteine, ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), ethylene glycol-bis(beta-aminoethyl ether)N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid (EGTA), 1,10-phenanthroline, N-tosyl-L-phenylalanine-chloromethyl ketone (TPCK), and N-alpha-p-tosyl-L-lysine-chloromethyl ketone (TLCK), and showed maximal activity at pH 6.0-8.0 and an apparent molecular mass of about 34.3 kDa. The toxin was also completely inhibited by HgCl2, and partially by sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and CuCl2. The extracellular products and the partially purified protease were lethal to cobia with LD50 values of 1.26 and 6.8 microg protein/g body weight, respectively. The addition of EDTA completely inhibited the lethal toxicity of the purified protease, indicating that this metalloprotease was a lethal toxin produced by the bacterium.
AuthorsPing-Chung Liu, Wen-Hsiao Chuang, Kuo-Kau Lee
JournalZeitschrift für Naturforschung. C, Journal of biosciences (Z Naturforsch C) 2011 May-Jun Vol. 66 Issue 5-6 Pg. 287-95 ISSN: 0939-5075 [Print] Germany
PMID21812347 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Metalloproteases
  • Animals
  • Chromatography, Liquid
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
  • Enzyme Stability
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Metalloproteases (biosynthesis, isolation & purification, toxicity)
  • Perciformes (metabolism)
  • Photobacterium (enzymology)

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