Neurofeedback in autism spectrum disorders.

To review current studies on the effectiveness of neurofeedback as a method of treatment of the core symptoms of autism spectrum disorders (ASD).
Studies were selected based on searches in PubMed, Ovid MEDLINE, EMBASE, ERIC, and CINAHL using combinations of the following keywords: 'Neurofeedback' OR 'EEG Biofeedback' OR 'Neurotherapy' OR 'Mu-Rhythm' OR 'SMR' AND 'Autism' OR 'Autism Spectrum Disorder' OR 'Pervasive Developmental Disorder'.
The existing evidence does not support the use of neurofeedback in the treatment of ASD. Studies with outcomes in favour of neurofeedback might be showing an improvement in comorbid attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder symptoms rather than a true improvement in core ASD symptoms.
Limitations of this review are those inherent in the studies available, including small sample size, short duration, variable diagnostic criteria, and insufficient control interventions, all causing a lack of generalizability.
AuthorsMartin Holtmann, Sabina Steiner, Sarah Hohmann, Luise Poustka, Tobias Banaschewski, Sven Bölte
JournalDevelopmental medicine and child neurology (Dev Med Child Neurol) Vol. 53 Issue 11 Pg. 986-93 (Nov 2011) ISSN: 1469-8749 [Electronic] England
PMID21752020 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Review)
Copyright© The Authors. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology © 2011 Mac Keith Press.
  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity (rehabilitation)
  • Child
  • Child Development Disorders, Pervasive (rehabilitation)
  • Child, Preschool
  • Databases, Factual (statistics & numerical data)
  • Humans
  • Neurofeedback (methods)

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