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The celC gene, a new phylogenetic marker useful for taxonomic studies in Rhizobium.

Abstract
The celC gene codifies for a cellulase that fulfils a very significant role in the infection process of clover by Rhizobium leguminosarum. This gene is located in the celABC operon present in the chromosome of strains representing R. leguminosarum, Rhizobium etli and Rhizobium radiobacter whose genomes have been completely sequenced. Nevertheless, the existence of this gene in other species of the genus Rhizobium had not been investigated to date. In this study, the celC gene was analysed for the first time in several species of this genus isolated from legume nodules and plant tumours, in order to compare the celC phylogeny to those of other chromosomal and plasmidic genes. The results obtained showed that phylogenies of celC and chromosomal genes, such as rrs, recA and atpD, were completely congruent, whereas no relation was found with symbiotic or virulence genes. Therefore, the suitability and usefulness of the celC gene to differentiate species of the genus Rhizobium, especially those with closely related rrs genes, was highlighted. Consequently, the taxonomic status of several strains of the genus Rhizobium with completely sequenced genomes is also discussed.
AuthorsMarta Robledo, Encarna Velázquez, Martha Helena Ramírez-Bahena, Paula García-Fraile, Ana Pérez-Alonso, Raúl Rivas, Eustoquio Martínez-Molina, Pedro F Mateos
JournalSystematic and applied microbiology (Syst Appl Microbiol) Vol. 34 Issue 6 Pg. 393-9 (Sep 2011) ISSN: 1618-0984 [Electronic] Germany
PMID21621937 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
CopyrightCopyright © 2011 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.
Chemical References
  • Bacterial Proteins
  • DNA, Bacterial
  • celC protein, bacteria
  • beta-Glucosidase
Topics
  • Bacterial Proteins (genetics)
  • DNA, Bacterial (genetics)
  • Fabaceae (microbiology)
  • Phylogeny
  • Rhizobium (classification, enzymology, genetics)
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Symbiosis
  • Trifolium (microbiology)
  • Virulence (genetics)
  • beta-Glucosidase (genetics)

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