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[Low response rate to a vaccination against hepatitis B in patients with end-stage liver disease].

Abstract
Hepatitis B vaccination was started in 41 patients with end-stage liver disease who were liver transplant candidates. Patients received three 20 microg or, starting from 1999, 40 microg doses of recombinant vaccine at 0, 2 and 4 weeks. Blood samples were obtained 4 weeks after vaccination or each revaccination; patients without protective hepatitis B surface antibodies (anti-HBs) were once or repeatedly revaccinated. Thirty-eight patients received at least 3 doses of vaccine. Protective anti-HBs level (≥ 10 IU/l) was detected in 17 of 34 patients (50 %) after the third up to eight dose. No case of chronic HBsAg carrier status was detected. Immunisation against hepatitis B in persons with liver cirrhosis is associated with a poor response and new vaccines should be considered for these patients.
AuthorsLuděk Rožnovský, Irena Orságová, Lenka Petroušová, Josef Tvrdík, Libuše Kabieszová, Martin Rydlo, Ivo Lochman, Alena Kloudová
JournalKlinická mikrobiologie a infekc̆ní lékar̆ství (Klin Mikrobiol Infekc Lek) Vol. 16 Issue 5 Pg. 179-81 (Oct 2010) ISSN: 1211-264X [Print] Czech Republic
Vernacular TitleMalá úcinnost vakcinace proti virové hepatitide B u pacientů s pokrocilým jaterním onemocnením.
PMID21191876 (Publication Type: English Abstract, Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Engerix-B
  • Hepatitis B Antibodies
  • Hepatitis B Surface Antigens
  • Hepatitis B Vaccines
  • Vaccines, Synthetic
Topics
  • Adult
  • Female
  • Hepatitis B (immunology, prevention & control)
  • Hepatitis B Antibodies (blood)
  • Hepatitis B Surface Antigens (blood)
  • Hepatitis B Vaccines (administration & dosage, immunology)
  • Humans
  • Immunization, Secondary
  • Liver Cirrhosis (immunology)
  • Liver Transplantation
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Vaccines, Synthetic
  • Young Adult

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