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Caerulein-induced acute pancreatitis results in mild lung inflammation and altered respiratory mechanics.

Abstract
Acute lung injury is a common complication of acute pancreatitis (AP) and contributes to the majority of AP-associated deaths. Although some aspects of AP-induced lung inflammation have been demonstrated, investigation of resultant changes in lung function is limited. The aim of this study was to characterize lung injury in caerulein-induced AP. Male Sprague Dawley rats (n = 7-8/group) received 7 injections of caerulein (50 μg/kg) at 12, 24, 48, 72, 96, or 120 hours before measurement of lung impedance mechanics. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL), plasma, pancreatic, and lung tissue were collected to determine pancreatic and lung measures of acute inflammation. AP developed between 12 and 24 hours, as indicated by increased plasma amylase activity and pancreatic myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity, edema, and abnormal acinar cells, before beginning to resolve by 48 hours. In the lung, MPO activity peaked at 12 and 96 hours, with BAL cytokine concentrations peaking at 12 hours, followed by lung edema at 24 hours, and BAL cell count at 48 hours. Importantly, no significant changes in BAL protein concentration or arterial blood gas-pH levels were evident over the same period, and only modest changes were observed in respiratory mechanics. Caerulein-induced AP results in minor lung injury, which is not sufficient to allow protein permeability and substantially alter respiratory mechanics.
AuthorsAlison S F Elder, Gino T P Saccone, Andrew D Bersten, Dani-Louise Dixon
JournalExperimental lung research (Exp Lung Res) Vol. 37 Issue 2 Pg. 69-77 (Mar 2011) ISSN: 1521-0499 [Electronic] England
PMID21077776 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Ceruletide
  • Peroxidase
  • Amylases
Topics
  • Acute Lung Injury (blood, etiology)
  • Amylases (blood)
  • Animals
  • Bronchoalveolar Lavage (methods)
  • Ceruletide (pharmacology)
  • Male
  • Pancreatitis (blood, chemically induced, complications)
  • Peroxidase (metabolism)
  • Pneumonia (blood, etiology)
  • Pulmonary Edema (blood, etiology)
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Respiratory Mechanics

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