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Everolimus: a proliferation signal inhibitor with clinical applications in organ transplantation, oncology, and cardiology.

Abstract
Everolimus, a proliferation signal inhibitor in the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) drug class, has many clinical applications, including in organ transplantation, oncology, and cardiology. It currently has United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval for prophylaxis against rejection in de novo renal transplant recipients, treatment of renal cell carcinoma, and use as a drug-eluting stent. To review the pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, efficacy, and safety of everolimus, we performed a search of the MEDLINE database (January 1997-April 2010) for all English-language articles of in vitro and in vivo studies that evaluated everolimus, as well as abstracts from recent scientific meetings and the manufacturer. In transplantation, everolimus demonstrates immunosuppressive properties and has been used to prevent acute rejection in cardiac, liver, lung, and renal transplant recipients. It appears that this agent may be potent enough to allow for the minimization or removal of calcineurin inhibitors in the long-term management of renal transplant recipients. In oncology, everolimus has been proven effective for the management of treatment-resistant renal cell carcinoma. In cardiology, everolimus is available as a drug-coated stent and is used in percutaneous coronary interventions for prevention of restenosis. In transplant recipients and patients with renal cell carcinoma, everolimus appears to have an extensive adverse-event profile. The pharmacologic properties of everolimus differentiate this agent from other drugs used in these clinical areas, and its pharmacokinetic properties differentiate it from sirolimus.
AuthorsSteven Gabardi, Steven A Baroletti
JournalPharmacotherapy (Pharmacotherapy) Vol. 30 Issue 10 Pg. 1044-56 (Oct 2010) ISSN: 1875-9114 [Electronic] United States
PMID20874042 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, Review)
Chemical References
  • Immunosuppressive Agents
  • Everolimus
  • TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • Sirolimus
Topics
  • Drug Interactions
  • Drug Monitoring
  • Drug-Eluting Stents
  • Everolimus
  • Graft Rejection (drug therapy)
  • Humans
  • Immunosuppressive Agents (adverse effects, pharmacokinetics, therapeutic use)
  • Neoplasms (drug therapy)
  • Signal Transduction (drug effects)
  • Sirolimus (adverse effects, analogs & derivatives, pharmacokinetics, therapeutic use)
  • TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases (antagonists & inhibitors)

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