Targeting sigma-1 receptor with fluvoxamine ameliorates pressure-overload-induced hypertrophy and dysfunctions.

We here investigated the effect of sigma-1 receptor (Sig-1R) stimulation with fluvoxamine on myocardial hypertrophy, cardiac functional recovery and defined mechanisms underlying its cardioprotective action.
Wistar rats subjected to bilateral ovariectomy (OVX) were treated with abdominal aortic banding between the right and left renal arteries. To confirm the cardioprotective role of Sig-1R stimulation, we treated the rats with Sig-1R agonist (fluvoxamine, 0.5 and 1 mg/kg) orally once a day for 4 weeks after the onset of aortic banding.
Interestingly, the expression of Sig-1R in the left ventricle (LV) decreased significantly 4 weeks after pressure overload (PO)-induced hypertrophy in OVX rats. The fluvoxamine administration significantly attenuated PO-induced myocardial hypertrophy with concomitant increase in the expression of Sig-1R in LV. Fluvoxamine also attenuated hypertrophy-induced impaired LV functions. The cardioprotective effect of fluvoxamine was nullified by treatment with Sig-1R antagonist (NE-100; 1 mg/kg). Fluvoxamine treatment significantly restored PO-induced impaired eNOS and Akt activity in the LV.
We here found, for the first time, the potential role of Sig-1R expression in the heart in attenuating PO-induced hypertrophy in OVX rats. Fluvoxamine treatment protects PO-induced cardiac injury via upregulation of Sig-1R and stimulation of Sig-1R-mediated Akt-eNOS signaling in ovariectomized rats.
AuthorsMd Shenuarin Bhuiyan, Hideaki Tagashira, Norifumi Shioda, Kohji Fukunaga
JournalExpert opinion on therapeutic targets (Expert Opin Ther Targets) Vol. 14 Issue 10 Pg. 1009-22 (Oct 2010) ISSN: 1744-7631 [Electronic] England
PMID20722474 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Anisoles
  • Cardiotonic Agents
  • Propylamines
  • Receptors, Glycine
  • Receptors, sigma
  • Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors
  • sigma-1 receptor
  • strychnine-insensitive glycine receptor
  • N,N-dipropyl-2-(4-methoxy-3-(2-phenylethoxy)phenyl)ethylamine monohydrochloride
  • Fluvoxamine
  • Animals
  • Anisoles (administration & dosage, pharmacology)
  • Blood Pressure (drug effects)
  • Cardiotonic Agents (administration & dosage, pharmacology)
  • Female
  • Fluvoxamine (administration & dosage, pharmacology)
  • Heart (physiopathology)
  • Humans
  • Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular (drug therapy, physiopathology, prevention & control)
  • Myocardium (metabolism)
  • Ovariectomy
  • Propylamines (administration & dosage, pharmacology)
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Receptors, Glycine (antagonists & inhibitors)
  • Receptors, sigma (agonists, antagonists & inhibitors, metabolism)
  • Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors (administration & dosage, pharmacology)
  • Signal Transduction
  • Up-Regulation

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