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Clinical application of multiphoton tomography in combination with high-frequency ultrasound for evaluation of skin diseases.

Abstract
The first-ever application of high-frequency ultrasound combined with multiphoton tomography (MPT) and dermoscopy in a clinical trial is reported. 47 patients with different dermatoses such as benign and malign skin cancers, connective tissue diseases, inflammatory skin diseases, and autoimmune bullous skin diseases have been investigated with (i) state-of-the-art and highly sophisticated ultrasound systems for dermatology, (ii) the femtosecond laser multiphoton tomograph and (iii) dermoscopes. Dermoscopy provides two-dimensional color images of the skin surface with a magnification up to 70 x. Depending on the ultrasonic frequencies from 7.5 MHz to 100 MHz, the signal depth varies from about 1 mm to 80 mm. Vertical ultrasound wide-field images provide fast information on depth and volume of the lesion. The 100 MHz ultrasound allows imaging with resolutions down to 16 μm (axial) and 32 μm (lateral). Multiphoton tomography provides 0.36 x 0.36 x 0.001 mm³ horizontal optical sections of a particular region of interest with submicron resolution down to 200 μm tissue depth. The autofluorescence of mitochondrial coenzymes, keratin, melanin, and elastin as well as the network of collagen structures can be imaged. The combination of ultrasound and MPT opens novel synergistic possibilities in diagnostics of skin diseases with a special focus on the early detection of skin cancer as well as the evaluation of treatments.
AuthorsKarsten König, Marco Speicher, Martin J Köhler, Rüdiger Scharenberg, Martin Kaatz
JournalJournal of biophotonics (J Biophotonics) Vol. 3 Issue 12 Pg. 759-73 (Dec 2010) ISSN: 1864-0648 [Electronic] Germany
PMID20680976 (Publication Type: Clinical Trial)
CopyrightCopyright © 2010 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Chemical References
  • Coenzymes
  • Melanins
  • Keratins
  • Collagen
  • Elastin
Topics
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Coenzymes (metabolism)
  • Collagen (metabolism)
  • Elastin (metabolism)
  • Female
  • Fluorescence
  • Humans
  • Keratins (metabolism)
  • Lasers
  • Male
  • Melanins (metabolism)
  • Microscopy, Fluorescence, Multiphoton (instrumentation, methods)
  • Middle Aged
  • Skin (metabolism, pathology, ultrastructure)
  • Skin Diseases (metabolism, pathology)
  • Skin Neoplasms (metabolism, pathology)
  • Tomography, Optical (instrumentation, methods)
  • Ultrasonics (instrumentation, methods)

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