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Sigma-1 receptor agonist fluvoxamine for postoperative delirium in older adults: report of three cases.

AbstractBACKGROUND:
Postoperative delirium is a topic of great importance in the geriatric surgical specialty. Although antipsychotic drugs are the medications most frequently used to treat this syndrome, these drugs are associated with a variety of adverse events, including sedation, extrapyramidal side effects, and cardiac arrhythmias. Drug treatment for postoperative delirium requires careful consideration of the balance between the effective management of symptoms and potential adverse effects.
METHODS:
We report on a Japanese woman (an 86-year-old (open reduction and internal fixation of the right femoral neck fracture), and two Japanese men (an 86-year-old (abdominal aortic aneurysm stent grafting), and a 77-year-old (right upper lobectomy due to lung tumour)) in which the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor and sigma-1 receptor agonist fluvoxamine was effective in ameliorating the postoperative delirium of these patients.
RESULTS:
Delirium Rating Scale scores in these patients dramatically decreased after treatment with fluvoxamine.
CONCLUSIONS:
Doctors should consider fluvoxamine as an alternative approach to treating postoperative delirium in older patients in order to avoid the risk of side effects and increased mortality by antipsychotic drugs.
AuthorsTsutomu Furuse, Kenji Hashimoto
JournalAnnals of general psychiatry (Ann Gen Psychiatry) Vol. 9 Pg. 28 ( 2010) ISSN: 1744-859X [Electronic] England
PMID20573265 (Publication Type: Journal Article)

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