Urinary pigment epithelium-derived factor as a marker of diabetic nephropathy.

Pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF), a serine protease inhibitor, regulates extracellular matrix production in the kidney. We sought the association between urinary PEDF (uPEDF) and development of nephropathy among patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM).
Two human studies were performed in which uPEDF was determined by ELISA. These studies included (1) a cross-sectional study of T2DM (n = 228) and healthy controls (n = 46) [corrected] and (2) a longitudinal study of hypertensive T2DM with microalbuminuria (MA; n = 42) treated with irbesartan for 6 months. An animal study was performed in which PEDF was measured in the kidney and urine samples of control rats, rats rendered diabetic with streptozotocin that were also fed a high-fat diet, and diabetic rats treated with irbesartan for 3 months.
Cross-sectional study: compared to controls, uPEDF was significantly higher in patients with diabetic nephropathy. uPEDF independently correlated with MA. In the MA group, uPEDF in patients with diabetic retinopathy was significantly higher than that in patients without diabetic retinopathy. Longitudinal study: irbesartan significantly decreased uPEDF in T2DM with MA. Animal study: in diabetic rats, increased PEDF was observed in both the urine and kidney samples. uPEDF showed a significant correlation with the expression of PEDF in the kidney. Irbesartan could significantly decrease the PEDF expression in the kidneys of diabetic rats as well as uPEDF.
uPEDF may serve as a novel marker for screening for nephropathy among patients with T2DM and monitoring the response to therapy.
AuthorsHaibing Chen, Zhi Zheng, Rongxia Li, Junxi Lu, Yuqian Bao, Xiafang Ying, Rong Zeng, Weiping Jia
JournalAmerican journal of nephrology (Am J Nephrol) Vol. 32 Issue 1 Pg. 47-56 ( 2010) ISSN: 1421-9670 [Electronic] Switzerland
PMID20523035 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
CopyrightCopyright 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Chemical References
  • Biomarkers
  • Eye Proteins
  • Nerve Growth Factors
  • Serpins
  • pigment epithelium-derived factor
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Albuminuria (diagnosis, urine)
  • Animals
  • Biomarkers (urine)
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental (diagnosis, urine)
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 (diagnosis, urine)
  • Diabetic Nephropathies (diagnosis, urine)
  • Diabetic Retinopathy (diagnosis, urine)
  • Eye Proteins (urine)
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mass Screening (methods)
  • Middle Aged
  • Nerve Growth Factors (urine)
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Serpins (urine)

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