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Neuroprotection and enhanced neurogenesis by tetramethylpyrazine in adult rat brain after focal ischemia.

AbstractOBJECTIVE:
To investigate the effects of tetramethylpyrazine (TMP) on neural cell proliferation and differentiation in brain of rat after focal cerebral ischemia.
METHODS:
The focal cerebral ischemia of rat was induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). Infarction volume was evaluated by TTC staining method. Immunohistochemistry was used to identify proliferating and differentiating cells.
RESULTS:
TMP protected brain from damage by reducing volume of infarction, neuronal loss and water content. TMP not only increased the number of BrdU positive cell in SVZ, but also stimulated the cell differentiation after ischemia. The nNOS expression in cortex and dentate gyrus was reduced by treatment of TMP.
CONCLUSION:
These results indicate that TMP could protect ischemic brain damage, and promote cell proliferation and differentiation stimulated by ischemia, which might be related to the reduction of nNOS expression after treatment with TMP in rat cerebral ischemia model.
AuthorsXinli Xiao, Yong Liu, Cunfang Qi, Fen Qiu, Xinlin Chen, Jianshui Zhang, Pengbo Yang
JournalNeurological research (Neurol Res) Vol. 32 Issue 5 Pg. 547-55 (Jun 2010) ISSN: 1743-1328 [Electronic] England
PMID20501058 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Neuroprotective Agents
  • Pyrazines
  • tetramethylpyrazine
Topics
  • Adult Stem Cells (drug effects, pathology, physiology)
  • Aging
  • Animals
  • Body Water
  • Brain (drug effects, pathology, physiopathology)
  • Brain Infarction (drug therapy, pathology, physiopathology)
  • Brain Ischemia (drug therapy, pathology, physiopathology)
  • Cell Differentiation (drug effects)
  • Cell Proliferation (drug effects)
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Infarction, Middle Cerebral Artery (drug therapy, pathology, physiopathology)
  • Male
  • Neurogenesis (drug effects)
  • Neurons (drug effects, pathology, physiology)
  • Neuroprotective Agents (pharmacology)
  • Pyrazines (pharmacology)
  • Random Allocation
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Stem Cell Niche (drug effects, pathology, physiopathology)

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