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Anticoccidial activity of maslinic acid against infection with Eimeria tenella in chickens.

Abstract
We propose maslinic acid (2-alpha, 3-beta-dihydroxiolean-12-en-28-oic acid), found in the leaves and fruit of the olive tree (Olea europaea L.), as a new natural coccidiostatic product against Eimeria tenella. Its action in infected animals has been compared with animals treated with sodium salinomycin. The lesion index (LS), the oocyst index (OI) and the anticoccidial index (ACI) were studied with regard to the weight of the chicks. The ACI for maslinic acid was 210.27 and for sodium salinomycin 173.09. Similarly, both LS and OI decreased in the groups treated with maslinic acid. A considerable increase in weight was found in the chicks treated with maslinic acid compared with those in the control group. Histopathological studies of the caecum at 120 h post-infection showed that the infection rate decreased significantly in chicks treated with maslinic acid.
AuthorsLuis Miguel De Pablos, Maria Fatima Brazil dos Santos, Enrique Montero, Andrés Garcia-Granados, Andrés Parra, Antonio Osuna
JournalParasitology research (Parasitol Res) Vol. 107 Issue 3 Pg. 601-4 (Aug 2010) ISSN: 1432-1955 [Electronic] Germany
PMID20499099 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Coccidiostats
  • Pyrans
  • Triterpenes
  • maslinic acid
  • salinomycin
Topics
  • Animals
  • Cecum (parasitology, pathology)
  • Chickens
  • Coccidiosis (drug therapy, pathology, veterinary)
  • Coccidiostats (administration & dosage, therapeutic use)
  • Eimeria tenella (drug effects)
  • Olea (chemistry)
  • Poultry Diseases (drug therapy, parasitology, pathology)
  • Pyrans (administration & dosage, therapeutic use)
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Triterpenes (administration & dosage, therapeutic use)

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