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Endogenous cardiotonic steroids and salt-sensitive hypertension.

Abstract
Endogenous cardiotonic steroids (CTS), also called digitalis like factors, have been postulated to play important roles in pathogenesis of hypertension for nearly half of a century. For the past 50 years biomedical scientists have been in quest of an unidentified factor or hormone that both increases blood pressure and renal sodium excretion; this "natriuretic hormone" was, in fact, postulated to interact with the Na/K-ATPase. Recent discoveries have led to the identification of steroid molecules which are present in humans, rodents and amphibians, and which, in a complex manner, interact with each other and with the other systems that regulate renal salt handling and contribute to the salt-sensitivity of blood pressure. Recent findings include the specific identification of endogenous cardenolide (endogenous ouabain) and bufadienolide (marinobufagenin) CTS in humans along with the delineation of mechanisms by which CTS can signal through the Na/K-ATPase. Although CTS were first considered important in the regulation of renal sodium transport and arterial pressure, more recent work implicates these hormones in the central regulation of blood pressure and regulation of cell growth, and development of cardiovascular and renal fibrosis in particular.
AuthorsOlga V Fedorova, Joseph I Shapiro, Alexei Y Bagrov
JournalBiochimica et biophysica acta (Biochim Biophys Acta) Vol. 1802 Issue 12 Pg. 1230-6 (Dec 2010) ISSN: 0006-3002 [Print] Netherlands
PMID20347967 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural, Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural, Review)
CopyrightPublished by Elsevier B.V.
Chemical References
  • Ouabain
  • Sodium
  • Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase
Topics
  • Amphibians
  • Animals
  • Biological Transport
  • Blood Pressure
  • Fibrosis (metabolism, pathology, physiopathology)
  • Humans
  • Hypertension (metabolism, pathology, physiopathology)
  • Kidney (metabolism, pathology, physiopathology)
  • Kidney Diseases (metabolism, pathology, physiopathology)
  • Ouabain (metabolism)
  • Rodentia
  • Sodium (metabolism)
  • Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase (metabolism)

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