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Serum ribonuclease activity in the diagnosis of pancreatic disease.

Abstract
The present study evaluated serum ribonuclease activity (SRA) in patients with inflammatory and neoplastic pancreatic diseases. RNase determination was carried out using t-RNA (T) from E. coli MRE 600 at pH 7.4 and polycytidylic acid (poly-C) (P) at pH 6.6 as RNA substrates with RNase A from bovine pancreas as reference enzyme. Healthy volunteers had a SRA of T: 160 +/- 12 and P: 482 +/- 24 ngeq/mL (mean +/- SEM (n]. In patients with acute interstitial pancreatitis (AIP), SRA was similar to healthy controls (T: 166 +/- 14; P: 474 +/- 30 ngeq/mL). Patients with acute necrotizing pancreatitis (ANP) had increased SRA (T: 278 +/- 49; P: 791 +/- 145 ngeq/mL, p less than 0.01, compared to controls). SRA values were also increased in patients with chronic pancreatitis (CP) with T: 224 +/- 15 ngeq/mL (p less than 0.01) and in patients with pancreatic carcinoma (PCA) with T: 331 +/- 35 (p less than 0.001 vs controls, p less than 0.01 vs CP). Increased SRA was detected in patients with renal insufficiency (T: 2576 +/- 195 ngeq/mL, p less than 0.001). Diagnostic discrimination between AIP and ANP was achieved in 69% using T-SRA (sensitivity 31%, specificity 88%), and in 78% using P-SRA (sensitivity 54%, specificity 92%). Discrimination between CP and pancreatic carcinoma was possible in 68% (sensitivity 67%, specificity 71%). The diagnostic value of serum RNase is limited because of its low sensitivity, but increased T-SRA above a cutoff of 250 ngeq/mL and increased P-SRA above a cutoff of 620 ngeq/mL are specific for detecting pancreatic necrosis in the absence of renal impairment. The kidney is a major site for SRA clearance.
AuthorsT P Kemmer, P Malfertheiner, M Büchler, M L Kemmer, H Ditschuneit
JournalInternational journal of pancreatology : official journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (Int J Pancreatol) Vol. 8 Issue 1 Pg. 23-33 (Jan 1991) ISSN: 0169-4197 [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID2033316 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Ribonucleases
Topics
  • Acute Disease
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Chronic Disease
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic (enzymology)
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Necrosis
  • Pancreatic Diseases (diagnosis, enzymology)
  • Pancreatic Neoplasms (diagnosis, enzymology)
  • Pancreatitis (classification, diagnosis, enzymology)
  • Ribonucleases (blood)

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