HOMEPRODUCTSSERVICESCOMPANYCONTACTFAQResearchDictionaryPharmaMobileSign Up FREE or Login

Transgenic expression in citrus of single-chain antibody fragments specific to Citrus tristeza virus confers virus resistance.

Abstract
Citrus tristeza virus (CTV) causes one of the most destructive viral diseases of citrus worldwide. Generation of resistant citrus genotypes through genetic engineering could be a good alternative to control CTV. To study whether production of single-chain variable fragment (scFv) antibodies in citrus could interfere and immunomodulate CTV infection, transgenic Mexican lime plants expressing two different scFv constructs, separately and simultaneously, were generated. These constructs derived from the well-referenced monoclonal antibodies 3DF1 and 3CA5, specific against CTV p25 major coat protein, whose mixture is able to detect all CTV isolates characterized so far. ScFv accumulation levels were low and could be readily detected just in four transgenic lines. Twelve homogeneous and vigorous lines were propagated and CTV-challenged by graft inoculation with an aggressive CTV strain. A clear protective effect was observed in most transgenic lines, which showed resistance in up to 40-60% of propagations. Besides, both a delay in symptom appearance and attenuation of symptom intensity were observed in infected transgenic plants compared with control plants. This effect was more evident in lines carrying the 3DF1scFv transgene, being probably related to the biological functions of the epitope recognized by this antibody. This is the first report describing successful protection against a pathogen in woody transgenic plants by ectopic expression of scFv recombinant antibodies.
AuthorsMagdalena Cervera, Olga Esteban, Maite Gil, M Teresa Gorris, M Carmen Martínez, Leandro Peña, Mariano Cambra
JournalTransgenic research (Transgenic Res) Vol. 19 Issue 6 Pg. 1001-15 (Dec 2010) ISSN: 1573-9368 [Electronic] Netherlands
PMID20204695 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Antibodies, Viral
  • DNA Primers
  • Plantibodies
  • Single-Chain Antibodies
Topics
  • Antibodies, Viral (genetics)
  • Base Sequence
  • Citrus aurantiifolia (genetics, immunology, virology)
  • Closterovirus (immunology, pathogenicity)
  • DNA Primers (genetics)
  • Gene Expression
  • Genetic Engineering
  • Plant Diseases (genetics, immunology, prevention & control, virology)
  • Plantibodies (genetics)
  • Plants, Genetically Modified
  • Single-Chain Antibodies (genetics)

Join CureHunter, for free Research Interface BASIC access!

Take advantage of free CureHunter research engine access to explore the best drug and treatment options for any disease. Find out why thousands of doctors, pharma researchers and patient activists around the world use CureHunter every day.
Realize the full power of the drug-disease research network!


Choose Username:
Email:
Password:
Verify Password: