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Basophil sensitivity through CD63 or CD203c is a functional measure for specific immunotherapy.

AbstractBACKGROUND:
Subcutaneous Immunotherapy (SCIT) modifies the allergic response and relieves allergic symptoms. SCIT is the only and a very effective treatment for insect venom allergy. We hypothesized that basophil sensitivity, measured through the basophil activation test, would decrease during SCIT up dosing. Expression of CD203c was compared to CD63 as marker for basophil activation, using a Bland Altman plot and ROC curves.
METHODS:
Patients (n = 18) starting subcutaneous SCIT for wasp allergy with an up dosing scheme of 7 to 11 weeks were enrolled. Heparinised blood samples were drawn at weeks 1-4, 7 and at the first maintenance visit. Basophils were stimulated at 7 log dilutions of V. vespula allergen for 15 min, and were stained with CD203c and CD63. Basophils were identified as CD203c+ leukocytes, and the proportion of CD63+ and CD203c+ cells were plotted against allergen concentration. A sigmoid curve was fitted to the points, and the allergen concentration at which half of the maximal activation was achieved, LC50, was calculated. In another series of experiments, LC50 calculated in whole blood (AP) was subtracted from LC50 calculated with basophils suspended in plasma from a nonatopic donor (HS) to determine the protective effect of soluble factors in blood of patients treated with SCIT.
RESULTS:
Heparin blood basophil activation was similar through CD63 and CD203c. Basophils were significantly more sensitized three weeks after initiation of SCIT compared to baseline (p < 0,01). The difference in LC50 increased by 1,04 LC50 units (p = 0,04) in patients that had just achieved maintenance dose compared with patients before initiating SCIT. When maintenance allergen concentrations had been reached, an increase in the protective plasma component was documented. Blood basophil concentration was marginally reduced by SCIT.
CONCLUSION:
Basophil activation is a versatile and sensitive tool that measures changes in the humoral immune response to allergen during SCIT.
AuthorsSusan Mikkelsen, Bo Martin Bibby, Mette Konow Bøgebjerg Dolberg, Ronald Dahl, Hans Jürgen Hoffmann
JournalClinical and molecular allergy : CMA (Clin Mol Allergy) Vol. 8 Issue 1 Pg. 2 ( 2010) ISSN: 1476-7961 [Electronic] England
PMID20158902 (Publication Type: Journal Article)

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