Adenosine antagonism decreases metabolic but not functional recovery from ischemia.

The effect of adenosine receptor antagonism on function and metabolism was examined in isolated hearts during low flow ischemia and reperfusion. Isovolumic rat hearts perfused at constant flow were subjected to 30 min of ischemia followed by 30 min of reperfusion. Infusion of vehicle or 10 microM 8-phenyltheophylline (8-PT) was initiated 10 min before ischemia and maintained throughout reperfusion. 8-PT infusion had no significant effects on hemodynamic parameters or metabolism preischemia. During ischemia, left ventricular developed pressure declined to approximately 15% of preischemic values in control and 8-PT hearts, and ATP and PCr decreased to approximately 73 and 60% of preischemic values. Inorganic phosphate (Pi) increased to 353 = 41 and 424 +/- 53% of preischemic values in control and 8-PT hearts, respectively. After reperfusion, function recovered to greater than 95% of preischemic levels in control and 8-PT hearts. Unlike control hearts, recovery of metabolites was significantly different during reperfusion in 8-PT hearts (P less than 0.05); ATP, phosphocreatine, and Pi recovered to 82 +/- 8, 71 +/- 8, and 281 +/- 27% of preischemic values, respectively. Venous purine washout was significantly greater (P less than 0.05) during reperfusion in 8-PT hearts (327 +/- 113 nmol) than in control hearts (127 +/- 28 nmol). Blockade of adenosine receptors appears to adversely affect metabolic but not functional recovery in the ischemic-reperfused myocardium.
AuthorsD A Angello, J P Headrick, N M Coddington, R M Berne
JournalThe American journal of physiology (Am J Physiol) Vol. 260 Issue 1 Pt 2 Pg. H193-200 (Jan 1991) ISSN: 0002-9513 [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID1992797 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.)
Chemical References
  • Phosphates
  • Receptors, Purinergic
  • Phosphocreatine
  • Adenosine Triphosphate
  • 8-phenyltheophylline
  • Theophylline
  • Adenosine
  • Adenosine (antagonists & inhibitors, metabolism)
  • Adenosine Triphosphate (metabolism)
  • Animals
  • Coronary Disease (metabolism, physiopathology)
  • Heart (drug effects, physiology)
  • Hemodynamics (drug effects, physiology)
  • Male
  • Myocardium (metabolism, pathology)
  • Phosphates (metabolism)
  • Phosphocreatine (metabolism)
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains
  • Receptors, Purinergic (drug effects, metabolism)
  • Reperfusion Injury (metabolism, physiopathology)
  • Theophylline (analogs & derivatives, pharmacology)

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