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Colchicine for the treatment of pericarditis.

Abstract
Colchicine has been effectively used in the treatment of several inflammatory conditions, such as gouty attacks, serositis related to familial Mediterranean fever, Behçet syndrome and more recently, in acute and recurrent pericarditis. Colchicine concentrates in white blood cells, particularly polymorphonuclear cells, inhibiting tubulin polymerization, thus interfering with migration and phagocytosis, and reducing the inflammatory cycle. Although the exact number of responders is unknown, the drug has been successfully used for the treatment and prevention of recurrences and to taper corticosteroids in patients with recurrent pericarditis in several retrospective studies and an open-label, randomized trial, where the recurrence rate was halved in the treatment arm. Less evidence supports the use of the drug for the treatment of acute pericarditis, where colchicine remains optional and requires further multicenter confirmatory studies. At present, colchicine has been recommended by the 2004 European guidelines on the management of pericardial diseases for acute (class IIa) and recurrent pericarditis (class I), but its use is still unlabeled and informed consent is required for prescription. A careful monitoring of possible contraindications, drug interactions and side effects is necessary. The aim of this paper is to review the evidence that supports the use of the drug in acute and recurrent pericarditis, as well as dosing and precautions for clinical use.
AuthorsMassimo Imazio, Rita Trinchero, Yehuda Adler
JournalFuture cardiology (Future Cardiol) Vol. 4 Issue 6 Pg. 599-607 (Nov 2008) ISSN: 1744-8298 [Electronic] England
PMID19804354 (Publication Type: Journal Article)

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