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Qigong massage treatment for sensory and self-regulation problems in young children with autism: a randomized controlled trial.

Abstract
Autism is commonly associated with sensory and self-regulatory disturbances. This article presents a randomized controlled study evaluating the effect of a 5-month intervention directed toward improving sensory impairment, digestion, and sleep in 46 children with autism < age 6. The intervention, Qigong Sensory Training (QST), is a qigong massage intervention based in Chinese medicine. It is two-pronged: Trainers work with children directly 20 times over 5 months, and parents give the massage daily to their children. Improvement was evaluated in two settings--preschool and home--by teachers (blind to group) and parents. Teacher evaluations showed that treated children had significant classroom improvement of social and language skills and reduction in autistic behavior compared with wait-list control participants. These findings were confirmed by parent data, indicating that the gains had generalized across contexts. A model and supporting data for understanding and treating sensory and self-regulation problems in autism is presented.
AuthorsLouisa M T Silva, Mark Schalock, Robert Ayres, Carol Bunse, Sarojini Budden
JournalThe American journal of occupational therapy : official publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association (Am J Occup Ther) 2009 Jul-Aug Vol. 63 Issue 4 Pg. 423-32 ISSN: 0272-9490 [Print] United States
PMID19708471 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Randomized Controlled Trial, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Topics
  • Autistic Disorder (therapy)
  • Breathing Exercises
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Massage
  • Self Efficacy
  • Treatment Outcome

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