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Adenovirus-mediated brain-derived neurotrophic factor expression regulated by hypoxia response element protects brain from injury of transient middle cerebral artery occlusion in mice.

Abstract
Some gene expression may be regulated by hypoxia-responsive element (HRE) that is bound by hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) which is up-regulated during cerebral ischemia. To explore ischemia/hypoxia-controlled expression and the neuroprotective effects of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) after ischemic brain injury, an adenoviral vector using five copies of hypoxia response element (HRE) in the vascular endothelial growth factor gene to regulate the expression of BDNF gene (Ad5HRE:BDNF) was constructed, and its efficacy was verified for driving BDNF expression in cultured Hela cells under hypoxic condition by ELISA. We found that the concentration of BDNF in the Ad5HRE:BDNF-transfected culture media was 28-fold greater in a hypoxic condition than under normoxia. To examine the effect of Ad5HRE:BDNF on ischemic brain injury in vivo, Ad5HRE:BDNF was injected into right caudate putamen of adult mice 7 days prior to 60 min transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). It was found that exogenous BDNF expression was increased in the Ad5HRE-BDNF-treated group and infarct volume of the Ad5HRE:BDNF-treated group at 3 days after MCAO was significantly smaller than that of vehicle- or AdNull-treated groups. Moreover, Ad5HRE:BDNF injection resulted in significantly improved sensorimotor scores 7 days after MCAO and induced a reduction in the number of Fluoro-Jade B-positive neurons and TUNEL-positive cells, compared with vehicle- or AdNull-injection. Our findings suggest that BDNF expression could be regulated in hypoxia/ischemia condition with five copies of HRE and ameliorates ischemic brain injury in a mouse focal cerebral ischemia model.
AuthorsQindong Shi, Pengbo Zhang, Junfeng Zhang, Xinlin Chen, Haixia Lu, Yumei Tian, T L Parker, Yong Liu
JournalNeuroscience letters (Neurosci Lett) Vol. 465 Issue 3 Pg. 220-5 (Nov 20 2009) ISSN: 1872-7972 [Electronic] Ireland
PMID19703519 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor
  • Hif1a protein, mouse
  • Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit
Topics
  • Adenoviridae (genetics)
  • Animals
  • Brain Ischemia (genetics, metabolism, prevention & control)
  • Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (genetics, metabolism, therapeutic use)
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Genetic Therapy (methods)
  • Genetic Vectors (genetics)
  • Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit (metabolism)
  • Infarction, Middle Cerebral Artery (complications, genetics, metabolism)
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Transfection (methods)
  • Treatment Outcome

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